CCSAW Associated Faculty

The University of Guelph has always attracted researchers with active interests in animal welfare and related ethical issues. Today, CCSAW gathers that expertise together with associated faculty drawn from the sciences, humanities and social sciences. Many of our researchers have received awards for their outstanding contributions to improving the lives of companion, agricultural and laboratory animals. They provide a broad base of expertise ranging from Veterinary Medicine to Philosophy and everything in between, and are known for work that encompasses multiple areas of interest:

Care and use of animals used in teaching and research. The University's reputation for providing exemplary animal care is due to the combined efforts of many individuals who serve on the Animal Care Committee, develop techniques to improve or replace the use of animals, explore the relationships between experimenter and animal subject and examine the ethics of animal use.

Farm Animal Welfare. The University is an international leader in research and teaching on the welfare of agricultural animals. Our Faculty was integral in the initial drafting of the Canadian Recommended Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals, and offered the first formal undergraduate degree course in Farm Animal Care and Welfare in the world. Some key research areas are exploring methods for assessing welfare, exploring the ethical implications arising from human-animal relationships, and investigating relationships between management and animal welfare.

Companion Animals. Many humans benefit psychologically and emotionally from animals used for companionship and sport. Faculty committed to promoting the well-being of these animals have concentrated on improving behavioural management and health care, finding effective relief of pain for injured or post-operative animals and exploring human-animal bond.

Fish and Wildlife. Human behaviour and technology often affect the welfare of wild animals. Faculty explore humane issues in hunting, trapping and fishing, work to improve the health and well-being of wild populations and examine the welfare implications of keeping exotic species in captivity.

Animal Ethics. The use of non-human animals raises numerous ethical questions. Faculty consider the welfare consequences of transgenics and biotechnology, standards for the treatment of animals used for food and research and human-animal relationships both at individual and global levels.

Faculty Profiles

 

Jim Atkinson, Department of Animal Biosciences

Nutritional factors influencing the bahaviour and welfare of companion and captive animals.
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Dave Barney, Manager of Animal Care at the Toronto Zoo, Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Animal Biosciences

Animal nutrition and ethology; Nutrition, enrichment and training of the Toronto Zoo collection.

Shane Bateman, Department of Clinical Studies

Humane Societies/Shelter Medicine, Cat Overpopulation, Animal Health in Marginalized Communities, Pain Management.
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Gregoy Bedecarrats, Department of Animal Biosciences

Hormonal control of reproduction, behaviour, and immune function in poultry; Impact of water and feed deprivation on the welfare of turkey breeder hens during forced moulting; Finding alternative moulting techniques which would mimic naturally occurring hormonal changes and thereby reduce stress and mortality.
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Renée Bergeron, Department of Animal Biosciences

Effects of nutritional and environmental factors on behaviour and welfare of farm animals; Stress related to handling, transportation and pre-slaughter management, and its effects on welfare, physiology and meat quality.
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Elena Choleris, Department of Psychology

Neurobiological mechanisms that underlie social behavior in animals; Various regulatory and modulatory aspects of (1) social learning whereby an individual acquires information from another individual, as well as of (2) social recognition, individual identification and memory.
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Jason Coe, Department of Population Medicine

Veterinary communication, human-Animal Bond, pedagogy of communication in veterinary education
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Peter Conlon, Department of Biomedical Science

Pharmacology; Pharmacology of inflammation; Platelet function; Veterinarian-client interactions.
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John Cranfield, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business

Consumer behaviour and demand analysis; Industrial organization aspects of agri-food markets; Issues related to optimal advertising by commodity agencies. Dr. Cranfield teaches animal welfare topics in AGR 2400 - Economics of the Canadian Food System (undergraduate).
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Hank Davis, Department of Psychology

Individual human recognition by a variety of species.

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Margaret Derry, Department of History

History of animal breeding and genetics; the impact of genetics and animal breeding on animal welfare from a historical perspective; ethical concerns in livestock industries through history; culture and horses; history of animal welfare/animal rights movements in the 20th century.
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Trevor DeVries, Department of Animal Biosciences

Dairy cattle behaviour, nutrition and welfare, with a focus on feeding behaviour and diet selection, and how these are influenced by diet, management and housing systems. Dr. Devries teaches animal welfare topics in ANSC 6740 - Special Topics in Applied Animal Welfare Science - Dairy Cattle Welfare (graduate).
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Cate Dewey, Department of Population Medicine

Swine health management; Prevention of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus transmission by early weaning along with evaluation of vaccines; Aspects of Segregated Early Weaning of swine, swine transport considerations.
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Todd Duffield, Department of Population Medicine

Use of NSAIDs in dehorning dairy calves; Prevention of subclinical ketosis; Impact of Ionophores in dairy cattle; Impact and prevention of production limiting disease (ie.. Neospora caninum, Johnes disease).
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Ian Duncan, University Chair in Animal Welfare, Department of Animal Biosciences

Developing methods of “asking” farm animals what they feel about the conditions in which they are kept and the procedures to which they are subjected; Poultry welfare expertise. Dr. Duncan teaches animal welfare topics in ANSC 3210 - Principles of Animal Care & Welfare (undergraduate); ANSC 6700 – Animals in Society (graduate).
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Gayle Ecker, Equine Guelph

Gayle has been the Senior Manager of Equine Guelph since its inception in 2003, and played an instrumental role in its birth. She has dedicated her energies to advancing the equine industry through education and communications.
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Esther Finegan, Department of Animal Biosciences

Herbivoire nutrition and thermoregulation, particularly with respect to the zoo environment.
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Robert Friendship, Department of Population Medicine

Swine health, particularly control of infectious diseases, including the effects of housing, management, biosecurity, and nutrition on health and welfare.
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Laura Graham, Department of Animal Biosciences

Endocrinology and reproductive physiology of wildlife species, including looking at factors that can impact the welfare of wildlife species managed by humans and using science to solve some of the challenges wildlife managers face as they work towards optimizing the welfare of animals in their care.
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Michele Guerin, Department of Population Medicine

Poultry health management, food safety/zoonotic diseases/veterinary public health, poultry welfare, food quality, environmental issues related to poultry management.
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Derek Haley, Department of Population Medicine

Applied ethology; Advancing our basic understanding of animal behaviour to improve the ways we manage our agricultural animal species, including finding ways to provide quality of life for animals (animal welfare); Maternal and parent-offspring behaviour.
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Brad Hanna, Department of Biomedical Science

Electrophysiological characterization of ion channels containing disease-related mutations; Investigation of potential new ion channelopathies in animals.
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Alexandra Harlander, Department of Animal Biosciences

Behaviour and welfare of poultry; The impact that husbandry can have on physiology and behaviour of poultry, birds's motivation to perform abnormal behaviour and the objective assessment of poultry welfare; Research uses bird health and what birds want (e.g. preference tests, including demand analysis) to apply to current poultry husbandry practices to enhance bird well-being and health.
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Karen Houle, Department of Philosophy

Critical review of the history of the concept of "the animal" as a political or moral being, and the arguments for the demarcation of human from non-human animals offered by Western thinkers; Implications for practical lives of animals, human and non-human. Dr. Houle teaches animal welfare topics in PHIL 2070 – Philosophy of the Environment (undergraduate); PHIL 4040 – Advanced Philosophy of the Environment: Animals and Ethics (undergraduate).
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Alice Hovorka, Department of Geography and Planning, Queens University, Adjunct Faculty U of Guelph's Department of Geography

Social- & Co-Constructions of Nature/Animals
including human meanings, beliefs and actions associated with the natural environment. Making visible the roles and constructions of nature has led me towards scholarship in critical animal studies and feminist environmental history that draw attention to the ways in which the human-environment relationship is necessarily mutually constituted. Urban chickens and wildlife have served as case studies exploring the positionality of animals as influential actors.
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Niel Karrow, Department of Animal Biosciences

Immunogenetics, neuroendocrine immunoregulation, inflammatory diseases
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David Kelton, Department of Population Medicine

Broad based studies focused on the frequency, distribution and determinants of health and disease in dairy cattle. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods to identify and control production limiting diseases, including specific projects focused on Paratuberculosis, mastitis, lameness and respiratory disease.
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Penny Lawlis, Animal Welfare Consultant

Animal welfare assessment and auditing, transportation, humane slaughter.
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Stephen LeBlanc, Department of Population Medicine

Dairy cattle health and performance; impoving dairy cattle reproduction through prevention and treatment of reproductive disease; development of reproductive management programs; metabolic health of peripartum dairy cows; applied management practices to support animal health, productivity, and welfare.
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Ken Leslie, Department of Population Medicine

Assessment of pain, and general well-being of various dairy cattle production groups; Assessment of sickness behavior in calves with diarrhea and at the time of weaning, when it is common for calves to have respiratory disease; Assessment and alleviation of pain at calving is of great interest.
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Kerry Lissemore, Department of Population Medicine

Lameness in dairy cows, specifically the identification of risk factors and early detection methods in order to either prevent the problem or detect it sooner and initiate appropriate treatment; Issues of pain control involving the use of NSAIDs at the time of dehorning as well as looking at their effect at parturition.
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Ira Mandell, Department of Animal Biosciences

Animal Nutrition.
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Georgia Mason, Canada Research Chair in Animal Welfare, Department of Animal Biosciences

Techniques used to assess animal welfare scientifically; in how chronic captive conditions affect welfare and brain function; and in understanding why some species, strains and individuals cope poorly with captivity, while others adapt well. Dr. Mason teaches animal welfare topics in ANSC 4070 – Applied Animal Behaviour (undergraduate).
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Karol Mathews, Professor Emeritus, Department of Clinical Studies

Emergency and critical care, pain management, renal transplantation.
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Katrina Merkies, Department of Animal Biosciences

Reproductive physiology, particularly the effect of cryopreservation on stallion semen fertility; Reproductive behavior in stallions and mares; Equine behavior in general.
I believe that these noble animals have much to teach us in terms of social dynamics!
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Suzanne Millman, Iowa State University, Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Population Medicine

Techniques for assessing animal welfare in clinical and farm environments, behaviour needs of animals during states of illness and injury, and behaviour problems in livestock and horses.
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Richard Moccia, Department of Animal Biosciences

On-going development of research and educational programs which facilitate the orderly growth of the aquaculture industry in Canada; Sentience, pain, fear and stress in fish. Dr. Moccia teaches animal welfare topics in AQUA 6100 - Science and Technology in Aquaculture (graduate).
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Conny Mosley, Department of Clinical Studies

Chronic pain and quality of life concerns in veterinary patients, anesthesia and analgesia in non-domestic species, ethical issues in veterinary medicine

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Susan Nance, History Department

History of communication and live performance. Use of animal welfare science research as a body of theory with which to understand the lives of historical animals and their effect on human activities; e.g. examining the lives of captive elephants in 19th century circuses; examining the emergence of rodeo 'rough stock' (bulls and horses used for bucking events) that seeks to understand how humans, cattle and horses have been interdependent in the past; the rise and fall of greyhound racing over the course of the twentieth century. Courses include: HIST 2120 - Animals and Society; HIST 2250 DE - Environment and History.
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Lee Niel, Department of Population Medicine

Behaviour and welfare of companion animals, with a background in applied animal behaviour and welfare and behavioural neuroscience, which allows use of a suite of research tools (animal behaviour, molecular genetics, neurobiology) to conduct basic and applied research relating to the behaviour and welfare of cats and dogs. Key areas of interest include: 1) the development and application of novel methods for the identification and management of animal pain and stress, and 2) investigations into the underlying etiology for different forms of dog aggression in terms of genetics, neurobiology and interactions with the environment.
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Nate Perkins, School of Environmental Design and Rural Development

The interaction of environment and behaviour; In particular, human behaviour and natural environments. There are many striking similarities in animal and human welfare scholarship and my work benefits from some knowledge of animal welfare.
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Peter Physick-Sheard, Department of Population Medicine

Equine cardiology, analysis of heart rate variability and autonomic contributions to heart rate stability; equine health management.

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Melissa Sinclair, Department of Clinical Studies

Large and Small Animal Anesthesia, Pain Management, Alpha2-agonists, Cardiopulmonary Response to Anesthesia and Surgery, Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Monitoring Techniques.
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Dale Smith, Department of Pathobiology

Diseases of avian, exotic, wildlife and zoo animals
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James Squires, Department of Animal Biosciences

The use of biochemical and molecular biological techniques to study problems important to Animal and Poultry Science, with the goal of improving the productivity, health and welfare of commercial animals, in particular swine and poultry.
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Elizabeth Stone, Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College

Animal welfare, Animal welfare during natural disasters
Animal welfare during pandemics, Human-animal bond, Society for veterinary medicine, Veterinarians in the public sphere, Veterinary urology
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Stephanie Torrey, Poultry Research Scientist, Department of Animal Biosciences

Poultry behaviour and welfare, with interdisciplinary projects linking genetics, nutrition, physiology and production, primarily with meat birds. Fundamental research includes studies into the development of feeding and oral behaviour, including injurious pecking. Applied research examines transportation, handling and management practices.
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Anita Tucker, Assstant Professor, Department of Population Medicine

Welfare and behaviour issues in swine.
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Patricia Turner, Department of Pathobiology

Laboratory animal behaviour and welfare; Refining the care and use of research animals; Understanding the mouse and rat as research models.
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Alexander Valverde, Department of Clinical Studies

Pain managemant in farm animals and horses; Potency of inhalation anesthetics; Epidural opioids; Cardiorespiratory effects of anesthetic drugs and sympathomimetics.

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Glen Van Der Kraak, Department of Integrative Biology

Multifactorial Regulation of Ovarian Function in Teleosts; Evaluation of Reproductive Fitness in Fish; Early Run Mortality in Sockeye Salmon; Ecotoxicological Effects of Atrazine on Amphibians.
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Michael von Massow, Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics

Development of value chains including animal welfare attributes; consumer perceptions of animal welfare;  consumer perceptions of animal welfare in hospitality value chains; adaptation by producers and adoption of codes of practice;  cost benefit analysis of animal welfare standards
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Jeffrey Wichtel, Dean, Ontario Veterinary College

Dr. Wichtel is the university-designated official with overall responsibility and authority for ensuring that the Campbell Centre is fulfilling its mandate.

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Tina Widowski, Director, Campbell Centre for the Study of Animal Welfare, Department of Animal Biosciences

Dr. Tina Widowski is an animal welfare scientist interested in how the housing and management of farm animals affects their welfare. With training in behaviour and physiology, she uses a variety of measures to try to understand how animals perceive and respond to the environments that we keep them in and to the ways that we handle them. She has studied diverse topics such as the endocrinology of nest building in sows, the behavioural responses of hens to different lighting systems, the ontogeny of feeding and drinking in piglets and motivation for dust bathing and nesting in laying hens. Her research group has tackled some difficult issues including transport and handling of market pigs and methods for euthanasia of piglets and poultry. Her goal is to determine how we can match agricultural systems to the animals’ behavioural biology in order to develop good practices for their care.
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Paul Woods, Co-Director, Institute for Comparative Cancer Investigation, Department of Clinical Studies

Oncology and infectious disease.
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