The Bruce Peninsula Insect Survey Project
S.A. Marshall and S.M. Paiero - 2009 update
The Bruce Peninsula Insect Survey Project - an introduction to the species list.
The following list is based mostly on specimens taken by Steve Marshall as part of the Bruce Peninsula Insect Survey (1999 - 2001), but also includes data from specimens taken by various collectors both before and after that period. Earlier specimens collected by Dave Pengelly were of particular importance, and since 2001 specimens have been added annually by Steve Marshall, Steven Paiero and other students and staff from the University of Guelph Insect Collection. Several taxonomists, including staff and students from the University of Guelph Insect collection and colleagues from the Canadian National Collection, Canadian Museum of Nature, and Brock University contributed to a Bruce Peninsula National Park "bioblitz" in the spring of 2008; new additions to the list generated by the bioblitz are identified as such below. Some of the new material collected during the 2008 bioblitz is not yet entered into the list - in fact, many of the recently collected Bruce Peninsula specimens in the University of Guelph collection are not yet labelled and identified. Since the collection has no curator and no resources specifically for building up this database it may be some time before collections from the past few years are reflected in the species list or in the associated database housed at the University of Guelph Insect Collection. The current species list of around 3300 species lacks at least 100 recently collected species, and probably represents no more than 75% of the actual fauna. We expect to approach a complete survey as taxonomists use our Bruce material as the basis for revisions and reviews of currently unworkable taxon, and as the identified material is entered into the database from which our species lists are generated.
The Bruce Peninsula Insect Survey Project was initiated by Scott Parker of Parks Canada as a first step towards a comprehensive inventory of the species found in the Bruce Peninsula National Park, but it is here extended to include the entire peninsula.
Other University of Guelph-based survey projects that have directly enhanced our knowledge of the insect diversity of the Bruce Peninsula include the Fathom Five Islands Survey (1995-1996; Marshall et al, 2001) and the Dunes Insect Survey project (2002-2004). The latter project was not restricted to Bruce County, but included several Bruce sites including Inverhuron Provincial Park and Dorcas Bay. Some data in the following list is from other projects that overlapped the Bruce Peninsula, including a recent overview of Ontario mayfly specimens sponsored by the Natural Heritage Information Centre and an earlier aquatic insect survey of the Bruce Peninsula by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. As notged above, some recent records were generated by the 2008 Biological Survey of Canada Bruce Bioblitz. Other records came from the Canadian arthropod identification handbook series and the relatively few primary taxonomic publications including Bruce records. On the whole, Bruce arthropods were remarkably poorly known prior to these studies, and distribution maps for even relatively well-known groups tended to lack records for the Bruce Peninsula.
For a current list of the insect and spider species of the Bruce Peninsula click on desired format (pdf format or xls format). The Excel file contains separate worksheets for each order along with a complete list.
Relationship between the current list and the Bruce Peninsula Insect Survey
In the final report on the Bruce Peninsula Insect survey we suggested that it was important to ensure that the database, which formed the core of the project, was maintained and updated in the following years. In the 2001 report, approximately 16000 specimens were included, representing just over 2500 taxa. As of November 2006, 21508 specimens representing 2848 taxa were recorded for the Bruce Peninsula in the database (27631 specimens and 3144 species for Bruce County as a whole). This increase in taxa (more than 300 species) is a result both of new collections and examination of previously unidentified groups. Material from some of these groups has contributed to several recent publications (Buck 2004, Paiero et al. 2004, Romanokova 2004a, 2004b, 2005). The current list of Bruce Peninsula insects includes over 3300 species continues to grow as more specimens and images are added to the collection and identified.
Future of the survey
Several groups, such as the diverse parasitic hymenopteran superfamilies Chalcidoidea and Ichneumonoidea, require further study and undoubtedly include many species still to be recorded from the Bruce Peninsula. The most important groups are those that are undersampled because of the need for specialized sampling techniques (soil arthropods, for example) or taxa difficult for non-specialists to identify (most nematoceran Diptera and Microlepidoptera, for example). As more and more user friendly identification tools appear in print and on the web it should become increasingly practical for specialists and non-specialists alike to add to the species list. Macromoths, for example, are now generally easily identified and since light trapping was not a a focus during the Insect Survey project there are probably significant gaps in this area. Dragonflies and damselflies, also very easily identified, were relatively well covered by both the survey project and dragonfly counts, but several species are known from nearby regions have yet to be recorded from the Bruce. Additional records must be based on specimens or photographs in order to be confirmed, databased and included in the list.
References (including literature listed in the species lists):
Buck, M. An annotated checklist of the spheciform wasps of Ontario (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae and Crabronidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (2003): 19-84.
Marshall, S.A., C. Buddle, B. Sinclair and D. Buckle. 2001. Spiders, flies and some other arthropods of the Fathom Five Islands and the upper Bruce Peninsula. pp 191-229 in: M. Munawar (Ed.). Biology of the Fathom Five Islands.
Paiero, S.M., S.A. Marshall and K.G.A. Hamilton. 2004. New records of Hemiptera from Canada and Ontario. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (2003): 115-129.
Romankova, T. 2004a. Ontario new-building bees of the Tribe: Anthidiini (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (2003): 85-89.
Romankova, T. 2004b. Colletidae bees of Ontario (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (2003): 91-106.
Romankova, T. 2005. Ontario bees of the tribe Epeoplini: Epeolus Latreille and Triepeolus Holmberg (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Apidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (2004): 87-99.
This work could not have been done with the many individuals who contributed their expertise and time helping with specimens from the Bruce Peninsula, and we would especially like to note the contributions of Dr. R.A. Anderson, Dr. E. Becker, Dr. B. Brown, Dr. M. Buck, P.D. Careless, Dr. C. Buddle, Dr. Y. Cui, Dr. J. Cummings, Dr. A. Davies, J. Dombroskie, Dr. A.T. Finnamore, Dr. B. Gill, W. Godsoe, Dr. H. Goulet, Dr. K.G.A. Hamilton, Dr. L. Laplante, Dr. L. Lesage, O. Lonsdale, Dr. L. Masner, C. Onodera, Dr. T. Romankova, M. Scwartz, Dr. B. Sinclair, Dr. J. Skevington, Dr. J.R. Vockeroth, Dr. W. Watson, and Dr. D. Wood. In particular we acknowledge the efforts of Matthias Buck, curator of the University of Guelph Insect collection from 2000-2008, for his dedication to the collection and his role in developingn the sspecimen database.
This project would not be possible without the continued encouragement and support of Scott Parker and staff at the Bruce Peninsula National Park.