The research findings for this project have been divided into three sub-categories: Multi-Criteria Analysis findings, Network Analyst findings, and Strengths and Limitations, as seen below.
Through detailed analysis it was determined that cycling routes optimized to maximize suitability throughout the City of Guelph often require cycling on arterial roads. As many of the study hubs in this project were located on arterial roads, it was often impossible to reach these destinations while avoiding arterial roads altogether. With this being said, these results confirm that many of these routes can be completed using alternative routes that avoid arterial roads for the vast majority of the duration of the trip.
The model proved generally successful in avoiding areas of conflict. This is evident as the optimized routes avoid particularly unsuitable route segments, such as Gordon St. Hill and Edinburgh Rd. Hill. These segments are easily distinguished as unsuitable in the resultant MCE barrier score map.
However, it was found that restricting roads based on barrier scores and factors such as arterial roads almost always increases the route length. The distances required to travel to each destination hub and the percent distance added by adding restrictions can be seen in the Appendix (Tables 6 - 13). The largest increase in distance observed between the 'no conditions' and 'all arterials completely restricted' scenarios was found to be the route between the Clair Rd. and Gordon St. hub to the College Ave. and Edinburgh Rd. hub, with an increase of 42.4%, from 6.08 Km to 10.56 Km. The smallest increase in distance observed between the 'no conditions' and 'all arterials completely restricted' scenarios was found to be the routes between the College Ave. and Edinburgh Rd. hub and the Stone Road Mall hub, and the University hub and the Stone Road Mall Hub. Both of these routes showed a 0% increase when restricting all arterials, either because the routes did not travel on arterials, or because arterials were the only option.
An interesting result of this project is the prevalence of proposed trail usage by the Network Analyst model. In particular, the proposed trail that connects Brady Ln. and Arkell Rd. in the south-end of Guelph was chosen by the Network Analyst model in every optimized route between the study hub of Claire Rd. and Gordon St., for every scenario apart from the 'no restrictions' scenario. This confirms that this trail could act as a main artery for cyclists travelling to the south-end of Guelph. Usage of other proposed and existing trails was very common, as well. This indicates that many of Guelph's trails are located such that they are a reasonable option for commuting cyclists.