Finding Suitable Locations for a New Industrial Park in the Halton Region Using a GIS Based MCE
The process of selecting a site for a new industrial park development comes tied to many environmental and socioeconomic concerns. Factors that both limit or strengthen the suitability of an area for selection, or make completely unsuitable for selection must be accounted for. A challenge when dealing with a multifaceted issue like this is being able to analyse each contributing factor individually as well as collectively. In addressing these concerns a Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) has been developed to weigh and evaluate all limiting and strengthening factors against each other. For the means of this research this model will be applied to region of Halton, ON, Canada. As of 2016, the Halton Region is experiencing one of the most rapid increases in population across Canada. The direct relationship between a regions population and the amount of industrial space needed to support its residents makes the Halton Region’s candidacy for use in this model both appropriate and necessary. Two models were ran, one favourable of more environmentally friendly sites, and one of more economically friendly sites. Both models considered 7 factors deeming varying levels of suitability to an area, these included slope, distance to water source, depth to water table, soil type, land use, distance from developed areas, and distance from roads. For the economically feasible model the MCE identified 2 possible sites of at least 50 hectares in area with an overall suitability of 72 ≥, and for the environmentally conscientious model the MCE identified 5 sites of at least 50 hectares in area with an overall suitability of 81 ≥.