The study area for this project is the Clarington region, containing Bowmanville, bounded by Lake Ontario to the South. This area was chosen because of the predicted consistent population growth rate in the region (Growth, 2014); since 2013 the population has grown steadily at a rate of >2% and with large numbers of this population traveling into Toronto for work (Growth, 2014). Currently the existing railways within the area are not accessible by the Metrolinx, the owner of GO transit, since they have no purchased access rights to the rails. Investing in infrastructure for public rail would be beneficial for reducing travel time and increasing region accessibility thereby catalysing further region development (Lin, 2014). The earthworks developed for the construction of the 407 would be completed and could be used to develop the rail infrastructure. The parcels of land that have been acquired for the 407 would be designated under proper zoning laws to be construction areas, by developing rail in an area which has already been properly zoned cost can be lowered. Finally, like rail, roads are constructed to have low slope values and allowing for modified slopes to be shared between the two transportation systems would be beneficial.
Figure 1: Map of the Clarington municipality. The study area is shown in green, which coincides with the boundaries of Clarington.