Belore, R. (2010). Properties and fate of hydrocarbons associated with hypothetical spills in the open water area. Enbridge Northern Gateway Project. SL Ross Environmental Research Ltd.
Carracedo, P., Torres Lopez, S., Barreiro, M., Montero, P., Balseiro, C.F., Penabad, E., Leitao. P.C., & Perez-Munuzuri, V. (2006). Improvement of pollutant drift forecast system applied to the Prestige oil spills in Galicia Coast (NW of Spain): Development of an operational system. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 53: 350-360.
Cicin-Sain, B., & Belfiore, S. (2005). Linking marine protected areas to integrated coastal and ocean management: A review of history and practice. Ocean and Coastal Management. 48: 847-868. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2006.01.001
Dalton, T., & Jin, D. (2010). Extent and frequency of vessel oil spills in US marine protected areas. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 60: 1939-1945. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.07.036
Eide, M. S., Endresen, O., Breivik, O., Brude, O. W., Ellingsen, I. H., Roang, K., Hauge, J., & Brett, P. O. (2007). Prevention of oil spill from shipping by modelling of dynamic risk. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 54: 1619-1633. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.06.013
Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines. (2010). Section 3.9: Ship Specifications. Retrieved from: http://www.ceaa.gc.ca/050/documents_staticpost/cearref_21799/2559/sectio...
EnergyBC. (2012). The Northern Gateway Oil Pipeline. Retrieved from: http://www.energybc.ca/issues/northerngateway.html
Environmental Global Issues Map. (2001). French Atlantic Coast. The McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved at: http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/pae/es_map/articles/article_65.mhtml
Forestethics. (2016). The Facts- Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines. Retrieved from: http://www.stand.earth/
Government of BC. (2011). Data Catalog: Metadata. Retrieved from: Species and Ecosystems at Risk layer
Gunton, T., & Broadbent, S. (2012). A review of potential impacts to coastal First Nations from an oil tanker spill associated with the Northern Gateway Project. Coastal First Nations. p. 1-112.
Hinte, T.V., Gunton, T.I., & Day. J.C. (2012). Evaluation of the assessment process for major projects: a case study of oil and gas pipelines in Canada. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal. 25(2): 123-137. DOI: 10.3152/146155107X204491.
Hlady, D. A., & Burger, A. E. (1993). Drift-block experiments to analyse the mortality of oiled seabirds off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 26(9): 495- 501. DOI: 10.1016/0025-326X(93)90466-W
Hotte, N., & Sumaila, U. R. (2012). Potential Economic Impact Of A Tanker Spill On Ocean-Based Industries in British Columbia. Fisheries Centre Research Reports. 20(7): 1-48.
Hotte, N., & Sumaila, U. R. (2014). How much could a tanker spill cost British Columbians? Environmental Development and Sustainability. 16: 159-180. DOI: 10.1007/s10668-013-9468-7
ISO 310000. (2015). Risk Management. Retrieved from: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/iso31000.htm
International Union for Conservation of Nature. (2014). Protected areas. Retrieved from: http://www.iucn.org/theme/protected-areas
Knudsen, O. F. (2009). Large oil tankers and the Baltic marine environments: A statistical Survey. Journal of Maritime Affairs. 8(2): 145-172.
Levitt, T. (2012, September 21). Cleaning up oil spills with magnets and nanotechnology. CNN. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/21/tech/oil-spill-magnets/
Living Oceans Society. (2010). Oil Spill Model. Retrieved from: http://www.livingoceans.org/maps/oil-spill-model
Living Oceans Society. (2011). Shipping on the British Columbia coast: current status, projected trends, potential casualties, and our ability to respond: a briefing report. BC, Canada: Sointula.
Miller, R. G. (2011). Future oil supply: The changing stance if the International Energy Agency. Energy Policy. 39: 1559-1574. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2010.12.032
Ministry of Environment: Environmental Stewardship Division Parks and Protected Areas Branch. (2007). Provincial Marine Protected Areas in British Columbia. Retrieved from: www.bcparks.ca
National Energy Board. (2013). Enbridge Northern Gateway Project Joint Review Panel. Retrieved from: http://gatewaypanel.review-examen.gc.ca/clf-nsi/dcmnt/rcmndtnsrprt/rcmndtnsrprtvlm1-eng.html
Stephenson, M., St-Armand, A., & Mazzocoo, P. (2010), Risk assessment of hypothetical spill examples at the Kitimat terminal and in Wright Sound. Stantec Consulting.
Swift, A., Lemphers, N., Casey-Lefkowitz, S., Terhune, K., & Droitsch, D. (2011). Pipeline and Tanker Trouble: The Impact to British Columbia's Communities, Rivers, and Pacific Coastline from Tar Sands Oil Transport.
Tavakoli, M. T., Amdahl, J., & Bernt J. L. (2011). Experimental investigation of oil leakage from damaged ships due to collision and grounding. Ocean Engineering. 38: 1894-1907.
Turner, N. J., & Clifton, H. (2009). “It’s so different today”: Climate change and indigenous lifeways in British Columbia, Canada. Global Environmental Change. 19: 180-190. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.005
Udoh, J. C., and Ekanem, E. M. (2011). GIS based risk assessment of oil spill in the coastal areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 5(3): 205-211.
Van Hinte, T., Gunton, T. I., & Day, J. C. (2007). Evaluation of the assessment process for major projects: A case study of oil and gas pipelines in Canada. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal. 25(2): 123-137. DOI: 10.3152/146155107X204491