Using GIS to identify optimal placement of train station and railroad in Clarington, Ontario.
The Clarington municipality in the northern Greater Toronto Area (GTA) has experienced significant population growth in the past several years due to job availability, developing infrastructure and the expansion and intensification of Bowmanville. Additionally, the population in Clarington and the contained Bowmanville have shown increased demand for public transit for both into and out of the region. GO rail transit currently does not service this area, with the closest rail terminal for public rail transit existing in Oshawa to the south. This study employed a multi-criteria analysis (MCE) to incorporate a geographic information system into the decision making process for siting a new rail terminal. Research into transportation logistics and corridor planning informed decisions of the relative importance of various criteria and constraints such that a highly suitable location could be discerned. The final location was determined to be along an existing Canadian National railroad due to ideal slope, lack of obstructing infrastructure, lack of protected land, and other preferred conditions.