4890 Victoria Avenue North
P.O. Box 7000, Vineland Station
Ontario, Canada LOR 2EO
The Vineland Campus, includes approximately 90 hectares of experimental tender fruit and other orchards, vineyards, rotation crop areas, ornamental plantings, greenhouses and a mushroom production unit.
Latitude 43 ° 11'N; Longitude 79 ° 24'W; Elevation 79 meters (above mean sea level).
Soils: Heavy clay loam and sandy loam
The Vineland Campus is located in the Niagara Peninsula, that portion of Ontario which is between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. The Niagara Peninsula with its unique location, climate and soils is Canada's most important area for the production of grapes, peaches, pears, plums and cherries. This area has a rich history in the settling of Canada as well as a large number of fruit growers in a highly developed fruit-growing industry.
One of the advantages of the Peninsula for fruit growing, particularly peaches, cherries and grapes, is climate. Lake Ontario has a tremendous moderating effect on spring, summer, fall and winter temperatures. Mid-winter temperatures rarely drop below -18 ° C in the fruit area.
The fruit-growing area is located on the south shore of lake Ontario in a narrow strip varying in width from 1 1/2 to 10 km with Hamilton on the west and the Niagara River on the east, a distance of approximately 65 km. A prominent feature of the fruit-growing area, is the Niagara Escarpment. This out-cropping of rock which was pre-glacial in origin rises 180 to 195 metres above sea level. The flat plain below the escarpment, where much of the fruit is grown, is approximately 75 to 105 metres above sea level.
Soils varying from well-drained sands and gravels to poorly drained silts and clays were developed in this area from the deposits of the glaciers that moved across Ontario within the last million years.
Vineland has kept official daily records of temperature, precipitation, wind and sunshine since 1916. Soil temperature records were included beginning in 1970.
An automated weather station has been installed at the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario at Vineland Station as part of an OMAFRA (Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs) network involving approximately twelve weather stations across Ontario. Data is collected and stored remotely by a data logger which can be interrogated automatically through the telephone lines using a microcomputer. Custom software has been developed at Vineland to format and output data for both archiving and research purposes.
Brian Piott - firstname.lastname@example.org
St. Catharines, Ont. Weather (6 miles from Vineland)
Environment Canada. Atmospheric Environment Service: General Canadian Weather Information
Dr. Helen Fisher - email@example.com
In 1983, it was decided to replace the Centennial orchard with a new and smaller "Heritage" orchard, which would focus on maintaining apple cultivars having commercial importance in the Ontario apple industry in the past and/or present.
In 1988, the Heritage Orchard was officially dedicated on the occasion of the Centennial Celebration of the founding of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food. At the present time, 85 cultivars and 15 strains of apples are included in the Heritage Orchard. Most of the trees in this orchard were planted in 1986. Malling 26 is used as the rootstock. The tree size on this root will be about 40 percent of a tree on a standard vigorous rootstock. The tree spacing is 5 m. in the row and 6 m. between rows, producing a tree density of 333 trees per hectare. The system of training is a modified central leader.
Almost all of the cultivars formerly included in the Centennial Museum Orchard at Vineland are presently maintained at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. This New York location has been designated a National Depository for apples by the National Plant Germplasm System of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
The Heritage Orchard is located on the University of Guelph, Department of Agriculture, Vineland Campus and is open to the public for inspection and viewing. The Department does not propagate trees or offer any fruit for sale from the varieties maintained in this planting. However, limited quantities of propagation material are available to Ontario fruit tree nurseries for production of trees for sale.
This orchard has been established to maintain selected apple cultivars which have had a place in the Ontario apple industry of the past. A few cultivars of special interest are also maintained in this orchard. The oldest cultivar in the collection is "Lady" (known in Europe as "Api"), named and introduced from France in 1600. The oldest Canadian origination is "Snow" or "Fameuse", named in 1636.
Cultivars Maintained in the Ontario Heritage Orchard
Alexander (Emperor Alexander)
The tree-fruit research program emphasizes breeding and evaluation of peaches, pears, plums, sweet cherries, and apricots; as well as orchard management trials on peaches, pears, and plums.
Development of new clingstone cultivars and screening for resistance to canker disease are the prime objectives of the peach breeding program. Ultra-high density production systems for dwarf pear trees on quince rootstocks are being critically examined for cultural requirements and economic benefits. Self-fertility is a key objective in sweet cherry breeding. Several selections with that valuable characteristic are under evaluation. The plum breeding program is developing early-ripening, high-quality European plums. The pear breeding program is directed toward improved resistance to fireblight.
Dr. John Cline, Apple and Stone Fruit Management - firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. David Hunter, Pear Breeding and Management - email@example.com
Dr. Jayasankar Subramanian, Stone Fruit Breeding - firstname.lastname@example.org
The viticulture program includes breeding and cultivar evaluation, rootstock and vineyard management, irrigation, nutrition and soil management studies. Specialized propagation methods are being developed for the cultivar Sovereign Coronation, which has been identified as a suitable fresh market grape for production in the Niagara Peninsula.
Dr. Helen Fisher - email@example.com
The campus, at 4890 Victoria Ave North, is located between Grimsby and St. Catharines, adjacent to the North Service Road of the Q.E.W. Exit the Q.E.W. at Victoria Avenue (Regional Road 24).
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These latitude-longitude co-ordinates can be plugged into your mapping software to get the exact location for our Vineland Campus:
43.191661,-79.396906 (see it at Google Maps)