This framework was constructed to allow for a comparative analysis national climate change action plans formalized by Canada and Germany. An extensiveliterature review was completed in preparation of this analytical framework to compile a set of criteria and comprehensive factors. This framework was constructed using a number of sources most notably Eberlein and Matten’s article¬†Business Response to Climate Change Regulation in Canada and Germany: Lessons for MNCs from Emerging Economies, 2009.¬†By drawing on the information within the literature, a set of relevant criteria that would provide a comprehensive analysis of the two plans were developed. Additionally, this framework may also be applied to other national climate plans to help in the understanding and assessment of its overall effectiveness as well as success.

For this analysis, Germany was chosen to be compared with Canada because it is suggested that these nations represent two opposing ends on the continuum of national climate policy initiatives. Germany has traditionally been known to utilize rigorous government environmental regulation, and is recognized globally as an international leader on contemporary climate change policy. Conversely, Canada had unfortunately been confined by defensive lobbying and lacking government leadership, resulting in the "voluntary committment" approach of the 2002 Climate Action Plan which had few nationwide results. In contrast, Germany has indeed been quite successful and on track to meeting its Kyoto objectives. Regrettably, Canada has not been as successful in meeting its target and eventually withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol. Indeed, the implementation of an advanced and enlightened national climate change plan is required to allow for environmental targets to be reached.