THE PROCESS download

The development of the 2002 Action Plan commenced in 1997 when Canada signed onto the Kyoto Protocol under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Although the government had not ratified the protocol at this point, research and policy making was required in order to ensure that the targets could be successfully met if ratification occurred. This entailed exhaustive substantive effort on the part of the federal government to conduct research and involve the provinces and industry, municipal, civil society stakeholders that would help to create the plan.

The first step in this process was put into motion in 1998 with the creation of 16 issue tables. Each of these tables represented a different sector that was integral to Canada’s economy, and each table was comprised of a team of experts. These experts from different interests were required to consult with the broader community of stakeholders to get feedback on how best to achieve greenhouse gas emission reductions in that sector if Kyoto was to be ratified. From there, this information was submitted to National Air Issues Coordinating Committee (NAICC) of federal and provincial/territorial government officials who acted as a body that worked to ensure that policy was not created in a unilateral fashion, and encouraged Federal and Provincial cooperation. This information received was used to help inform the emission reduction targets and planned actions that were eventually set out in the 2002 plan. These were referred to as the 'Options Papers'.

Additionally there were also several economic modelings conducted that attempted to understand the impacts a plan would have on different regions and sectors within Canada. This research was also taken into account when designing the final plan. It was the years of continued consultation, modeling and research that ultimately gave birth to the plan that became formally known as Canada’s 2002 Climate Action Plan.