List of references specific to "The Analysis" section
  1. Biesbroek, G., Swart, R., Carter, T., Cowan, C., Henrichs, T., Mela, H., Morecroft, M., Rey, D. (2010). Europe adapts to climate change: Comparing national adaptation strategies. Global Environmental Change, 440-450. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.03.005

  2. Bulkeley, H., & Kern, K. (2006). Local government and the governing of climate change in Germany and the UK. Urban Studies Journal Foundation, (43), 2237-2259.

  3. Conroy, M., & Berke, P. (2004). What makes a good sustainable development plan? An analysis of factors that influence principles of sustainable development. Environment and Planning, 36, 1381-1396. doi: 10.1068/a367

  4. Eberlein, B., & Matten, D. (2009) Business responses to climate change regulation in Canada and Germany: Lessons for MNCs from emerging economies. Journal of Business Ethic, 86, 241-255. doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0194-x

  5. Environment Canada. (2011). Canada’s emissions trends. Retrieved from: <>

  6. European Commission. (2010). EU energy in figures 2010: CO2 emission by sector. Retrieved from: <>

  7. Jones, C., & Levy, D. (2007). North American business strategies towards climate change. Management and Marketing, 12(1). doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2007.07.001

  8. Keeney, R., & McDaniels, T. (2001). A framework guide to thinking and analysis regarding climate change policies. Risk Analysis, 21(6), 989-1000. doi: 0272-4332/01/1200-0989$16.00/1

  9. Matthews Glen, J., & Otero, J. (2013). Canada and the kyoto protocol: An aesop fable. In E. Hollo, K. Kulovesi & M. Mehling (Eds.), Climate Change and the Law (21 ed., pp. 489-507).

  10. Mickwitz, P. (2003) A framework for evaluating environmental policy instruments. Evaluation, 9(4), 415-436.

  11. Reed, J. Office of the Auditor General of Canada, (2007). Auditing global threats: Climate change and the Canadian experience. Retrieved from: < EWGEA Meeting 2007/Documents/Canada_climate_change.pdf>

  12. Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development. (2012). Chapter 2: Meeting Canada’s 2020 climate change commitments. Retrieved from: <>

  13. Smith, H., A. (1998). Canadian federalism and international environmental policy making: The case of climate change. Working Paper (5) 1-19. Retrieved from: <>                  

  14. Softing, G., B. (2002). Climate change policymaking in Germany and the USA. Retrieved from: <>

  15. Statistics Canada. (2008). Canada’s natural resource wealth at a glance. Retrieved from: <>

  16. Stavins, R. (1997). Policy instruments for climate change: How can national governments address a global problem?. The University of Chicago Legal Forum, 293-329.

  17. Tils, R. (2007). The German sustainable development strategy: Facing policy, management and political strategy assessments. European Environment, 17, 164-176. doi: 10.1002/eet.453

  18. Volkery, A., Swanson, D., Jacob, K., Bregha, F., Pinter, L. (2006). Coordination, challenges, and innovations in 19 national sustainable development strategies. World Development, (34) 12, 2047-2063. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2006.03.003

Options Paper
  1. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Transportation and climate change, options for action: Option paper of the transportation climate change table (M22-132/16-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  2. Natural Resources Canada. (2000). Tradeable permits working group summary report: Draft (M22-132/15-2000E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  3. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Technology issues table – Enhancing technology innovation for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions: Final (M22-132/14-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  4. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Sink table options paper: Land-use, land-use change and forestry in Canada and the Kyoto protocol (M22-132/13-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  5. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Options paper – Science, impacts and adaptation (M22-132/12-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  6. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Reaching out to Canadians on climate change: A public education and outreach strategy: Final (M22-132/11-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  7. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Municipalities table options paper: Final report, approved by the municipalities table (M22-132/10-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  8. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Kyoto mechanisms table options paper (M22-132/9-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  9. Natural Resources Canada. (2000). Industry table overview report (M22-132/8-2000E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  10. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Options report – options for the forest sector to contribute to Canada’s national implementation strategy for the Kyoto protocol (M22-132/7-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  11. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Enhanced voluntary action issue table, options report (M22-132/6-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  12. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Electricity industry issues table options paper (M22-132/5-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  13. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Report of the credit for early action table (M22-132/4-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  14. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Report of the credit for early action table – voluntary GHG emissions trading: An option for consideration under the national implementation strategy (M22-132/4-1-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  15. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Buildings table options report, residential sector (M22-132/3-2-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.

  16. Natural Resources Canada. (1999). Building issues table (M22-132/3-1-1999E-PDF). Canada: Government of Canada Publications.
List of references for the overall research project
  1. Arvai et al. (2006). Adaptive Management of the global climate problem- Bridging the gap between climate research and climate policy. Climate Change, 27: 217-225.

  2. Climate Change Action Fund. (2003). Building on Success: 2002-2003 Annual Report. Retrived from: <>

  3. Harrison, K. & McIntosh, S. (2007).The comparative politics of Climate Change. Global Environmental Politics: 1(4).

  4. Industry Canada Environmental Affairs Branch. (2002). The Kyoto Protocol and Industry Growth Opportunities. Ottawa, ON: Government of Canada.

  5. Macdonald, D., & Smith, H. A. (1999). Promises made, promises broken: Questioning Canada's commitments to climate change. InternationalJournal, 55(1), 107-124.

  6. Marbek Resource Consultants & Stratos Inc. (2002). National Stakeholder Workshops on Climate Change: Draft Summary Report. Prepared for National Climate Change Secretariat.

  7. McEachern Tully, E. (2004). Climate Change Plan for Canada-Tax policy and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia.

  8. MicKitrick, R. & Wigl, R.M. (2002). The Kyoto Protocol: Canada’s Risky Rush to Judgment. Toronto, ON: The C.D. Howe Institute

  9. Targeted Measures Coordination Group. (2002). Climate Change- Targeted Measures. Prepared for the Joint Ministers Meeting.