MCE 2: Copper Broadband
The copper wire MCE's presented a unique challenge in that the effective range of copper wire, without using a signal booster, is approximately 5 km from the input to a source. It also becomes clear when viewing the thematic maps that the copper connections run parallel to roads. The resulting buffer layer roughly resembles the trajectory of the major roadways in the Midwest and this pattern is noticeable along many coastal or inland highway systems.
The result of the MCE for copper is that the areas chosen as most suitable sites were within 5.0km of major urban centers and sprawled outwards in divergent patterns. This result was expected as copper is often strung along telephone poles running adjacent to roadways and this is evident when viewing the map of central Canada.
Figure 12: Copper connections in Western Canada
In the central Canada map, it is evident that copper is the standard in locations which are located further from Canada's southern border. This results in the speckled pattern of small, high potential areas in the northern provinces. These locations often coincided with areas of high population compared to low area. The narrow zones of high potential surrounding roadways/phone lines made it difficult to generate the best census district to improve. This was solved by including multiple distant copper lines in one census district. The result was a census district with an average population density, with a very high resulting potential for improvement of broadband connectivity.
Figure 13: Copper connections in Central Canada
Finally, Eastern Canada saw the largest variance once again with copper connectivity. This was a result of the sparse population within the maritime provinces. The population is found along the shorelines of New Brunswick and NovaScotia which reduced the potential for increased broadband connectivity in the interior of the provinces. As a result, the distance from urban centers was not great enough to generate high potential for improved broadband connectivity and this is clear in the final map of the top five locations, as only one location results within New Brunswick.
Figure 14: Copper connections in Eastern Canada
List of top five areas of potential improvement to copper broadband:
1.) Wetaskiwin Country, Alberta
2.) Parkdale, Saskatchewan
3.) Springfield, Manitoba
4.) Frontenac (North), Ontario
5.) Hudson's Hope, British Columbia