As previously identified, this research project involves the use of a high level conceptual model, focusing on assessing the feasibility of using a GIS model to evaluate the service change implications of amalgamation. As mentioned in the model evaluation, the next steps in further research around this model would be the incorporation of other factors pertinent to amalgamation. These factors are important in this analysis, but would require in depth manipulation to determine their spatial characteristics.
For fire services, further research could focus on the financial implications of such a service change, as this discussion would be more closely related to the general discourse of amalgamation, and the cost savings from a reduced size of government. Further research could also involve modelling the level of service from each fire station to determine the effect of resources and staffing levels.
For libraries and community centres, a more specific, locally defined service area for both types of services would be relevant for continued research. Also, as previously discussed, there are additional factors beyond population that can be modelled to determine service locations. Considering additional spatial data such as demographics would also be a useful consideration, particularly when siting a service like a community centre. This additional information could also be relevant in defining service areas in addition to population.
Overall, consideration of more spatial factors as well as more municipal services would be required to conduct a useful, real world, amalgamation study. It is likely that in this context, all services that a municipality (or possibly a region) is responsible for would need to be examined. This could require similar tests with changes inputs, utilizing greater automation.