Southern Ontario contains some of Canada’s largest agricultural product producers. In order to assess the effects of climate change on agricultural yields and the impacts on the agricultural industry, the area of research will consist of all of Southern Ontario. The area of research is based on agricultural area of the province that specialize in the growth of Winter Wheat products.
Within Southern Ontario, the agricultural land use systems that will be assessed are focused on the Winter Wheat products. Based on the 2016 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs data, Southern Ontario contains 815 000 acres of Winter Wheat crops (Government of Ontario, 2016). The locations of interest are ares spanning across the Southern Ontario area in which consist of majority class 1 agriculture land, meaning the soils in these locations have no significant limitations in use for crops. The region has experianced an average temperature of 17.1C and average precipitation of 2.4mm during the months of June to August for the years 2006 to 2018 (Past Weather and Climate Historical Data, 2018).
The map below is the base spatial shape model for the Southern Ontario analysis. This map consist of boundary data regarding the counties within Southern Ontario. The file has been specifically clipped in order to analyze Southern Ontario counties.
Figure 1: Base map of Southern Ontario used for both Climate and Crop yield models