The types of soil present in the study area are mostly different types of Chernozemic soils found in the plains areas of Alberta. The Chernozemic types present are brown, dark brown, black, and dark grey chernozems. These types of soil have a surface thickness range of 10 cm to 20 cm and have an organic content range of 3% up to 10%. The moisture content within the soil increases along with the increase in organic matter content (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1995).
Alberta has an area of 640,082km2. As of 2011, the population of Alberta is 3,645,257 people for a total population density of 5.7 people/km2 (Statistics Canada, 2011). The Alberta population is mostly located in the southern reaches, centered on Edmonton and Calgary taking away some of the potential habitats for the Swift Fox.
The study area that is proposed was selected as it includes both the historical habitat as well as the previously reintroduced Swift Foxes current habitat (Cullingham & Moehrenschlager, 2013). The current proposal addresses the hope that the current population present in Alberta can be augmented such that the Swift Fox will be able to adapt and inhabit their historical range of short grass prairies (Herrero et al 1986; Ausband & Moehrenschlager, 2009).
Figure 1: Study Site Map