Animal and Poultry Science
Ann Gibbins (146 ANNU, Ext. 56215)
Larry Schaeffer (120 ANNU, Ext. 53645)
Wendy McGratten (144 ANNU, Ext. 56215)
James L. Atkinson
BSc UMIST, Manchester, MSc London, PhD Guelph Associate Professor
BS Hebrew University of Jerusalem, MS, PhD Wisconsin (Madison)
Jock G. Buchanan-Smith
BSc Aberdeen, BS Iowa, MS Texas Tech., PhD Oklahoma State Professor
Mary M. Buhr
BSc, MSc, PhD Waterloo Professor
Dominique P. Bureau
BASc, MSc Laval, PhD Guelph - Assistant Professor
John H. Burton
BSA Toronto, MS, PhD Cornell Professor
John P. Cant
BSc (Agr) Nova Scotia, MS, PhD California - Assistant Professor
C. Young Cho
BA Seoul, MSc Guelph, DAgro Kyushu Adjunct Professor
Cornelius F.M. de Lange
BSc, MSc Wageningen, PhD Alberta Associate Professor
Ian J.H. Duncan
BSc (Agr), PhD Edinburgh Professor
Ming Z. Fan
BS Xinjiang, MS Harbin, PhD Alberta Assistant Professor
Ann M. Gibbins
BSc Birmingham, MSc, PhD Guelph Professor
John P. Gibson
BSc, PhD Birmingham Professor
Roger R. Hacker
BS Wisconsin, MS Missouri, PhD Purdue Professor
Gerald B. Jansen
BSc (Agr), PhD Guelph Assistant Professor
Niel A Karrow
BSc Guelph, MSc, PhD Waterloo Assistant Professor
MPhil, PhD Nottingham Professor
Ching Y. Lin
BSc Taiwan, MSc, PhD Ohio State Adjunct Professor
Michael M. Lohuis
BSc, PhD Guelph Adjunct Professor
Ira B. Mandell
BS, MS Ohio State, PhD Saskatchewan Assistant Professor
Brian W. McBride
BSc, MSc Guelph, PhD Alberta Professor
BSc, MSc, PhD Toronto Professor
Stephen P. Miller
BSc (Agr), PhD Guelph - Assistant Professor
Larry P. Milligan
BSc, MSc Alberta, PhD California (Davis), FRSC Professor and Vice-President,
Richard D. Moccia
BSc, MSc Guelph Associate Professor
Vern R. Osborne
BSc, MSc, PhD Guelph - Assistant Professor
Larry R. Schaeffer
BS Purdue, MS, PhD Cornell Professor
Trevor K. Smith
BSc British Columbia, MSc Manitoba, PhD Cornell Professor
E. James Squires
BSc, MSc, PhD Memorial Professor
Howard J. Swatland BSc London, MSc, PhD Wisconsin Professor
John S. Walton
BSc, PhD Reading Professor
Tina M. Widowski
BS, MS, PhD Illinois Assistant Professor
James W. Wilton
BSA Manitoba, MSc Toronto, PhD Cornell Professor
The Department of Animal and Poultry Science
offers programs of study leading to MSc and PhD degrees. Animals
of significance in food production are the department's major interest
and research emphasis. The graduate program encompasses four fields:
animal breeding and genetics (quantitative or molecular); animal
nutrition (monogastric or ruminant); animal physiology (environmental,
reproductive, or behavioural); and growth and metabolism (meat science).
The latter field is offered in collaboration with the Department
of Food Science and all fields are enriched through interaction
with faculty members from other university departments.
The major expertise of individual faculty is
as follows: animal breeding and genetics (Boettcher, Gibbins, Gibson,
Jansen, Jiang, Kemp, Lin, Lohuis, Miller, McMillan, Robinson, Schaeffer,
Squires, Wilton), animal nutrition (Atkinson, Buchanan-Smith, Burton,
Cant, Cho, de Lange, Leeson, McBride, Milligan, Smith, Valdes),
animal physiology (Bousquet, Buhr, Duncan, Engelhardt, Etches, Fan,
Hacker, Hurnik, King, Moccia, Morrison, Squires, Walton, Widowski),
and growth and metabolism (Barbut, Mandell, Swatland).
General Admission Requirements
Research in animal science is enriched by the
interaction of scientists from diverse academic disciplines. Accordingly,
there are no specific prerequisite courses expected of applicants
to the graduate programs in the department. Each applicant will
be considered on an individual basis, taking into account the applicant's
academic background and relevant experience.
The MSc program involves advanced
courses and the completion of a research project. These are means
of developing the skills and intellectual curiosity that may further
qualify the student for a leadership role within the animal industry
or serve as a prerequisite for doctoral studies. The MSc degree
may be completed via two routes: by thesis or by course work and
major paper. The MSc by course work and major paper is offered in
two areas of specialization: animal breeding & genetics and animal
nutrition & metabolism.
An honours baccalaureate, with a
minimum average grade of `B' during the last four semesters of study,
will normally be required.
MSc by Thesis
Candidates for the thesis-based MSc degree
must successfully complete a prescribed series of courses, conduct
a research project, prepare a thesis based on their results and
defend this in a final examination. The number of course credits
required in this option will be decided by the student's advisory
committee in consultation with the student, and may exceed the minimum
1.5 credits required by the Faculty of Graduate Studies. Generally,
4 or 5 courses (1.5-2.0 credits) will be taken, including the mandatory
Seminar course, ANSC*6600 (0.0 credit).
MSc by Course Work and Major Paper
Candidates for the MSc degree by course work
and major paper option must complete a minimum of 4.0 credits (9
courses). Of these courses, one will be the departmental Seminar
course, ANSC*6600 (0.0 credit), and another will be Major Paper
in Animal and Poultry Science, ANSC*6900 (1.0 credit). The major
paper will be a detailed, critical review of an area of study related
to the specialization chosen by the student and should include analyses
and interpretations of relevant data. The content of the major paper
will be presented to the department in the Seminar course.
At the beginning of the program, the student
and student's advisory committee will design the course-work program
according to the program guidelines and the aspirations and background
of the student. Students will normally choose a minimum of 4 courses
in the area of specialization, one of which will be ANSC*6900, Major
Paper in Animal and Poultry Science, and a minimum of two courses
outside the area of specialization. These latter courses can be
offered by departments other than Animal and Poultry Science.
A maximum of one approved senior-level undergraduate
course can be included in the list of prescribed courses. Recommended
graduate courses in the two areas of specialization are as follows:
Animal Breeding & Genetics (ANSC*6900, ANSC*6210, ANSC*6240, ANSC*6370,
ANSC*6380, ANSC*6390, ANSC*6450); Animal Nutrition & Metabolism
(ANSC*6900, ANSC*6010, ANSC*6020, ANSC*6030, ANSC*6250, ANSC*6260,
The MSc by course work and major paper degree
will require a minimum of three semesters of full-time study (or
The PhD program is research oriented
and provides instruction and experiences that develop the student's
ability to independently formulate hypotheses and design and execute
experiments or conduct observational studies to reach definitive
Students entering a PhD program should
show potential for independent, productive, and original research.
A PhD program can be entered by three routes: following completion
of an MSc program; following transfer prior to completion of an
MSc program; and directly from a bachelor degree.
In general, a minimum average grade of `B'
for a completed MSc program plus strong letters of reference are
required. Students wishing to be considered for transfer to a PhD
program prior to completion of the MSc program must request the
transfer before the end of the fourth semester and have an excellent
academic record as well as a strong aptitude for research.
Direct admission to the PhD program may be
permitted for applicants who hold a bachelor's degree and have an
excellent academic history and strong indications of research potential.
Satisfactory completion of a PhD
program requires a comprehensive knowledge of the area of emphasis
and the ability to conduct original research in this area, plus
a sound general background in two related areas of study. This competence
is demonstrated in a qualifying examination and through the design
and execution of a substantial and original research project. Based
on this research, a thesis is prepared and defended in a final examination.
The number of courses required for a PhD program
will be decided by the student's advisory committee in consultation
with the student. The minimum requirement is the Seminar course,
MSc (Aquaculture) Interdepartmental Program
The Department of Animal and Poultry Science
participates in the master of science in aquaculture program. Professors
Atkinson, Cho, McMillan and Moccia are members of the Aquaculture
Interdepartmental Group. These faculty members' expertise includes
aspects of aquaculture; they may serve as advisors for MSc (Aquaculture)
students. Please consult the Aquaculture listing for a detailed
description of the MSc (Aquaculture) interdepartmental program.
Although the courses offered are listed by field, several are
relevant to more than one field. Some courses are only offered
when there is a certain minimum enrolment.
| Course/(Credit Value)
|Animal Breeding and Genetics
Principles of Selection in Animal Breeding(0.5)
||Definition of selection goals, prediction of genetic progress
and breeding values, and the comparison of selection programs.
Topics in Quantitative Genetics and Animal Breeding(0.5)
||Current literature and classical papers pertaining to quantitative
genetics and breeding are reviewed in detail.
||The course covers quantitative genetics theory associated
with animal models; linear models applied to genetic evaluation
of animals; estimation of genetic parameters for animal models;
and computing algorithms for large datasets.
Methodology in Animal Breeding (0.5)
(even years only)
|| The course covers Bayesian approaches to analysis of data;
categorical data analysis; accounting for selection bias; major
gene analyses; models for handling marker genes; and recent
developments in statistical methodology related to animal breeding
Quantitative Genetics Theory in Animal Breeding (0.5)
(odd years only)
||Advanced training in the mathematical aspects of quantitative
genetic theory as applied to animal breeding.
Topics in Animal Biotechnology (0.5)
||The impact of recombinant DNA techniques on present and future
research in animal science and on the livestock industry is
Topics in Comparative Animal Nutrition (0.5)
||Current topics in the feeding and nutrition of agricultural,
companion and captive animal species. Emphasis is placed on
the influence of nutrients on metabolic integration at tissue,
organ and whole-animal levels.
Poultry and Swine Nutrition (0.5)
||A discussion of current topics in the feeding and nutrition
of domestic fowl and swine based on the critical appraisal of
selected journal readings.
Modelling Metabolic Processes (0.5)
||Building and testing of mathematical models of metabolic processes
using continuous simulation software to assist in weekly assignments.
Choice of model based on students' research interests (e.g.
protein synthesis, nutrient uptake, rumen fermentation). Term
project to reproduce model from scientific knowledge.
Digestion and Metabolism in the Ruminant(0.5)
(even years only)
||A review of current research on rumen function, post-ruminal
digestion and host tissue metabolism, integrating fundamental
principles so as to formulate models of nutrient utilization.
The course consists of assigned readings, lectures and tutorials.
Techniques in Animal Nutrition Research (0.5)
(even years only)
||Theory and/or practices of techniques to evaluate feedstuffs
and determine nutrient utilization in poultry, swine and ruminants
is covered through lectures, short laboratories and a major
| Animal Physiology
Mammalian Reproduction (0.5)
(odd years only)
||Discussions and applications of methodology for collection
and examination of gametes and embryos and for measurements
of hormones in biological fluids.
Advanced Concepts and Methods in Applied Ethology (0.5)
||An in-depth review of classic papers and current topics in applied
ethology. Discussions will include applications of methodologies
and analyses used to conduct animal behaviour research.
Lactation Biology (0.5)
||An in-depth systems analysis of lactation,comparing the cow,
pig, rat, human and seal. Mammary development from conception
through to lactogenesis, lactation and involution will be covered.
Hypotheses of regulation of the biochemical pathways of milk synthesis
will be tested in relation to experimental observations.
|Growth and Metabolism
Growth and Metabolism (0.5)
||Animal growth and metabolism are considered at the cellular
level in a manner that extends beyond the basic disciplines of
biometrics and biochemistry with attention focused on the main
carcass components muscle, fat and bone.
Special Project (0.5)
| F, W, S
||Supervised program of study in some aspect of animal and poultry
science that can involve an experimental project and/or detailed
analysis of the literature.
| F, W
||This course is required for successful completion of MSc and
PhD programs. The major findings of the thesis or major paper
are presented to the department.
Major Paper in Animal and Poultry Science (1.0)
||A detailed, critical review of an area of study related to
the specialization of students in the MSc by course work and
major paper option that includes analysis and interpretation
of relevant data.
| Undergraduate Courses: A
maximum of one senior-undergraduate course per degree may be
taken for graduate credit as authorized by the department.
The Office of Graduate Studies has attempted to ensure the accuracy of this
on-line Graduate Calendar. However, the publication of information in this document does not
bind the university to the provision of courses, programs, schedules of studies, fees, or facilities as
listed herein. Other limitations apply.