University of Guelph 1998-99 Undergraduate Calendar

XII--Course Descriptions


Department of Geography

Students majoring in other departments may take a number of Geography courses without the prerequisites listed below if they obtain the permission of the instructor.

Note: Several courses in Geography are listed as acceptable for the Natural and Mathematical Science B.A. Distribution Requirements or as Non-Science Electives for B.Sc. students.

For courses without a semester designation, or with an alternate year designation, please check with the department.

45-120 People, Places and Spatial Organization F,W(3-0) [0.50]

This course introduces key concepts in Human Geography and illustrates their practical application. Topics include population mobility and migration, settlement systems, urban and rural land use patterns and locational decision-making.

Course Profile

45-122 Human Impact on the Environment F,W(3-0) [0.50]

A global overview of the changing relationships among society, technology and the environment. This course emphasizes the major stages of human use of resources and the environmental consequences of global changes in production systems. It contrasts Third and First World experiences, focusing on core-periphery relationships.

Course Profile

45-130 Introduction to the Biophysical Environment F,W(3-2) [0.50]

An introduction to Physical Geography. The principles and processes governing climate-landform-soil-vegetation systems and interrelationships. Natural and human-induced changes to environmental systems. Laboratories will address techniques of measurement, representation and analysis of environmental systems through maps, air photographs, remote sensing and field observations.

Exclusions: 45-135.
Course Profile

45-135 Introduction to the Biophysical Environment F,W(3-0) [0.50]

An introduction to Physical Geography. The principles and processes governing climate-landform-soil-vegetation systems and interrelationships. Natural and human-induced changes to environmental systems. This is the non-laboratory version of 45-130.

Exclusions: 45-130.
Course Profile

45-200 Geomorphology F(3-2) [0.50]

An introduction to geomorphology emphasizing weathering, slope and fluvial processes within drainage basins, and glacial and periglacial processes. Application of field and laboratory techniques.

Prerequisites: 1 of 45-130, 45-135, 46-100, 46-110.
Course Profile

45-205 Third World Urbanization W(3-0) [0.50]

An analysis of Third World urbanization at the scales of the global and national urban systems, and of the major city. Emphasis is placed on the processes of urbanization, the role of the major city in reducing or increasing regional differentiation within the state, and the internal structure of the major city.

Course Profile

45-211 Climate and the Biophysical Environment W(3-1) [0.50]

The interrelationship between climate, the biosphere and the hydrosphere and interaction to produce distinct physical landscapes. Emphasis on landscape processes.

Prerequisites: 45-130 or 45-135.
Course Profile

45-221 Environment and Resources W(3-0) [0.50]

This course examines the interrelationships between people and biophysical processes. The main themes are: 1) characteristics of natural resources and processes through which they are developed and used and 2) human response to environmental conditions, including natural hazards and global change. Contemporary Canadian case studies will be presented at the regional and national scales. 45-122 is recommended.

Course Profile

45-223 Economic Geography F(3-0) [0.50]

An introduction to the spatial distribution of economic activity. The course examines patterns, processes and problems in extractive activities, manufacturing, marketing and the service sector, including the transportation of commodities and people. The principles of economic location are applied to regional economic analysis and development.

Prerequisites: 45-120.
Course Profile

45-242 Aerial-photo Interpretation F(2-3) [0.50]

An introduction to the principles and techniques of air photo interpretation and elementary photogrammetry. Topics include stereoscopic viewing, parallax, flightline planning, and mapping from air photos. Lab exercises focus on specific applications in natural habitats and in rural and urban settings.

Prerequisites: [1.00] credit in geography and/or earth science.
Course Profile

45-246 Analysis in Geography F(3-2) [0.50]

The application of modern techniques to geographic study. The interpretation of geographic phenomena by objective methods. Major honours students in Geography must complete this course by the end of semester 4.

Prerequisites: [1.00] credit at the 100 level in Geography.
Course Profile

45-248 Cartographic Methods W(3-2) [0.50]

An introduction to the theory and techniques of processing and displaying spatial data. Mapping concepts such as scale, co-ordinate systems, map projections, generalization, data symbolization and map design are examined using both manual and automatic Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approaches. Major honours students in Geography must complete this course by the end of semester 4.

Prerequisites: [5.00] credits
Course Profile

45-251 Canada: A Regional Synthesis F(3-0) [0.50]

This course is designed to provide a better understanding of the nature and basis of Canadian regionalism. The first section of the course stresses the biophysical base and the inequality of the natural resource endowment. The historical geographic approach and the systematic overviews of contemporary Canada stress respectively the development and nature of the Canadian space-economy. The final section on regions, regionalism and nationalism provides an overview of the heartland-hinterland dichotomy and centrifugal and centripetal forces operative in the nation.

Course Profile

45-257 A Geography of the Third World W(3-0) [0.50]

A study of underdevelopment and development on the periphery of the world economy. Themes include the pre-industrial landscape, the colonial landscape, the dynamic relationship between independent state policies and the inherited spatial pattern.

Course Profile

45-300 Fluvial Processes (3-2) [0.50]

This course examines processes and landforms associated with rivers. Particular emphasis is placed on the interaction between water and sediment movement and channel morphology. Case studies of human impact on river systems are presented.

Prerequisites: 45-200
Formerly: 45-400
Course Profile

45-311 Biotic and Natural Resources (2-2) [0.50]

The biotic environment as a resource; human impact upon this resource base: primary productivity and agro-ecosystems.

Prerequisites: 15-201 or 45-211.
Course Profile

45-320 Location and Spatial Organization of Industry (3-0) [0.50]

An examination and analysis of spatial patterns and processes in manufacturing industries. Topics include the geography of the firm, role of transportation, a reappraisal of location theories and selected case studies of contemporary manufacturing.

Prerequisites: 45-223.
Course Profile

45-321 Management of the Biophysical Environment (3-0) [0.50]

An examination of resource management, focusing on public and private decision-making processes. Consideration of techniques for evaluating resources, including EIA and risk analysis. Emphasis is on the economic, social and environmental implications of resource development and use. Contemporary Canadian case studies will be presented at appropriate scales.

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits. (45-221 is recommended.)
Course Profile

45-332 Agricultural Systems and Location (3-0) [0.50]

An examination of the nature and location of major agricultural systems of the world. Emphasis on physical, economic and social factors influencing these systems within a decision-making framework.

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-338 The Making of the Ontario Landscape (3-0) [0.50]

The evolution of resource use systems, settlement patterns and built environments, their interrelationships and contribution to the Ontario landscape. Emphasis is given to the interpretation and analysis of source materials. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-339 Rural Geography (3-0) [0.50]

A study of rural economy, society, settlement and land use with an emphasis on the causes, processes and implications of change. Examples will be drawn largely from Canada. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-340 Urban Geography (3-0) [0.50]

A study of the evolution of the internal structure and functions of the city. Emphasis is placed on processes of social and economic change in the context of the built environment. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-346 Advanced Analysis in Geography (3-2) [0.50]

An introduction to the use of multivariate techniques for the analysis of geographic data.

Prerequisites: 45-246.
Course Profile

45-348 Geographic Information Systems F,W(3-2) [0.50]

An introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Topics include data input and output, map creation, analysis functions, data quality issues, data management and implementation. Students are introduced to a range of GIS applications, including those in resource analysis and management. This course requires some familiarity with numerical methods and computer operations.

Prerequisites: [10.00] credits. (45-248 is recommended.)
Course Profile

45-349 Recreational Behaviour and Resources (3-0) [0.50]

Trends and problems in the development, use and management of outdoor recreational and tourist resources. Emphasis is on the spatial, socio-economic and environmental implications of the relationship between recreational behaviour and resources.

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-351 China (3-0) [0.50]

The study of an ancient civilization significantly affected by the spread of a global capitalist economy and the development of socialism. Patterns of human organization and resource use will be examined according to the four major periods of China's recent history, namely, feudalism, colonialism, "Maoism", and "modernism". (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-353 U.S.A. (3-0) [0.50]

The spatial evolution of the United States as a complex economy and society. Selected themes and case studies are explored in relation to the development of varied regional systems and landscapes. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-360 Geography of a Selected Region (3-0) [0.50]

The study of an area outside Anglo-America which will include topics in physical, economic, social and historical aspects of geography. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-361 Geographical Hydrology (3-1) [0.50]

The principles of energy and water movement in the earth atmosphere system are examined as they relate to human made environments.

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits. 45-200 or 45-211 or other 200 level earth science or engineering science course is recommended.
Course Profile

45-362 Desert Environments (2-2) [0.50]

This course investigates the interrelationships among various biophysical processes that control weathering rates, sediment transport and landform/landscape development in arid environments. Topics will include: the concept of desertification, use and misuse of surface and ground water, salinization and the effect of human disturbance on landscape development. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: [7.50] credits. 45-200 or 45-211 or other 200 level earth science or engineering science course is recommended.
Course Profile

45-411 Environmental Systems Analysis (2-2) [0.50]

An integrated systems approach to solving issues of environmental evaluation, impact and development. Focus will be on the biophysical components of the environment.

Prerequisites: 45-311 or 45-361.
Course Profile

45-415 Sedimentary Processes (2-2) [0.50]

This course examines the basic properties and flow characteristics of fluids that control the entrainment and transport of sediment by air and water. Bedform development in fluvial, coastal and aeolian environments are also discussed in relation to fluid flow mechanics. Lectures are complemented by weekly labs using the wind tunnel, flume and wave tank.

Prerequisites: 45-300
Formerly: 45-325
Course Profile

45-420 Economic Geography and Regional Development (3-0) [0.50]

An examination of selected issues in the spatial structure of the economy and the regional economic development process. Topics include industrial policy, transportation and agencies of development. Case studies are drawn from Canada and other developed and developing countries.

Prerequisites: 45-320.
Course Profile

45-421 Environmental Resource Analysis (3-0) [0.50]

This course provides an opportunity for advanced studies in resource management. A central aim is the development of an understanding of principles, practices and emerging issues relating to environmental impact assessment. The preparation and presentation of a group project is an integral component of the course.

Prerequisites: 45-321.
Exclusions: 96-422.
Course Profile

45-425 Coastal Processes (2-2) [0.50]

This course examines the geomorphic processes and associated landforms found in the coastal zone. Initially the focus is on developing an understanding of the major controls on coastal erosion and sediment transport, including waves, nearshore currents and water level fluctuations. This is followed by the study of features and processes in selected coastal environments such as beaches, barrier islands and spits, coastal sand dunes and bluff coasts. In each case applications to problems of coastal management are introduced.

Prerequisites: 45-300 or 45-361 or 45-362.
Course Profile

45-432 Rural Land Use (3-0) [0.50]

An analysis of land use issues and trends within sectors and between sectors, at local and regional scales. Students complete a project on a selected issue related to land use competition, compatibility, conflict and/or allocation.

Prerequisites: 45-332 or 45-339.
Course Profile

45-439 Issues in Rural Geography (3-0) [0.50]

This course focuses on rural socio-economic change. Rural population dynamics, including depopulation, repopulation and differential migration, represent a central theme. Related issues of regional and community economic viability and social vitality in the context of settlement policies are addressed. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: 45-339.
Course Profile

45-440 Issues in Urban Geography (3-0) [0.50]

Topics such as intra-urban mobility, urban renewal, gentrification, heritage conservation and public service facility location are discussed in the context of planning processes. (Offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisites: 45-340.
Course Profile

45-448 Applied Geographic Information Systems (2-2) [0.50]

This course adopts a project-oriented approach to the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in spatial analysis. Students will have the opportunity to design and implement an individual research project using GIS techniques to investigate a problem in any area of Geography.

Prerequisites: 45-348.
Course Profile

45-469 Geography Field Research F(3-6) [1.00]

This course provides an opportunity for senior students to develop skills in the design, implementation and presentation of a field research project. The course involves a field trip of about 10-14 days, either in Canada or abroad. This component of the course takes place between the end of the summer session and the start of classes in the fall semester. Classes during the fall semester focus on the analysis and interpretation of data and incorporate student research seminars. Information on the location and cost of the field research course is available from the department in the winter semester prior to each fall offering. Open to majors in Geography (B.A. and B.Sc.(Env.) and in Earth Surface Science (B.Sc.) with an overall average of at least 70% at the time of registration.

Prerequisites: [12.50] credits.
Course Profile

45-488 Senior Seminar in Geography (3-0) [0.50]

A critical overview of the evolution and current status of Geography. Particular emphasis will be given to the variety of approaches and convergence and divergence within the discipline. The interaction between human and physical geographers and their approaches to issues and the subject will be analyzed. Open to major honours students in Geography at semester 6 or above.

Course Profile

45-499 Independent Study in Geography (3-0) [0.50]

The independent study option is designed to provide senior undergraduate students with an opportunity to pursue library or field research under faculty supervision and to prepare a research report. Formal agreement between the student and the faculty supervisor is required, as is approval of the department chair. Open to majors in Geography (B.A. and B.Sc.(Env.) and in Earth Surface Science (B.Sc.) with an overall average of at least 70% at the time of registration.

Course Profile

1998-99 Undergraduate Calendar
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Last revised: March 16 1998.