X. Degree Programs

Bachelor of Science in Environmental Sciences [B.Sc.(Env.)]

Environmental Economics and Policy (EEP:C)

Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics, Ontario Agricultural College

This major provides the foundation for applying science and economics to environmental issues to produce effective environmental policy. Students gain an understanding of the policy tools and market mechanisms for managing our natural resources effectively. Knowledge and skills learned in this major will enable students to identify, prioritize and solve environmental problems by integrating both scientific and economic theories and data. Equipped with the ability to look at current topics from the perspectives of economics, politics and environmental sciences, students have a number of interesting career opportunities in the public, private and NGO sectors. At the same time, the major fully prepares students to move onto professional and research graduate programs.

Program Requirements

The Co-op program in Environmental Economics and Policy is a four and a half year program including four work terms. Students must complete a Fall, Winter and Summer work term, and must follow the academic work schedule as outlined below (also found on the Co-operative Education website: https://www.recruitguelph.ca/cecs/). Please refer to the Co-operative Education program policy with respect to adjusting this schedule.

Environmental Economics and Policy Academic and Co-op Work Term Schedule
Year Fall Winter Summer
1 Academic Semester 1 Academic Semester 2


2 Academic Semester 3

COOP*1000 Work Term I

Academic Semester 4

3 COOP*2000 Work Term II Academic Semester 5 COOP*3000 Work Term III
4 Academic Semester 6 Academic Semester 7 COOP*4000 Work Term IV
5 Academic Semester 8 N/A N/A

To be eligible to continue in the Co-op program, students must meet a minimum 70% cumulative average requirement after second semester, as well as meet all work term requirements. Please refer to the Co-operative Education program policy with respect to work term performance grading, work term report grading and program completion requirements.

For additional program information students should consult with their Co-op Co-ordinator and Co-op Faculty Advisor, listed on the Co-operative Education web site.

Credit Summary (21.50 Total Credits)*

7.00 - Environmental Sciences core

5.00 - Ecology Required courses

6.00 - Environmental Economics and Policy restricted electives

2.00 - Free electives

1.50 - Co-op Work Terms

Note: A minimum of three Co-op work terms including a Summer, Fall, and Winter are necessary to complete the Co-op requirement. *COOP*4000 is optional and if completed the total number of credits will equal 22.00.

Students are reminded that 6.00 credits of their B.Sc. (Env.) degree must be at the 3000-4000 level.

The recommended program sequence is outlined below.


Semester 1 - Fall
BIOL*1070 [0.50] Discovering Biodiversity
CHEM*1040 [0.50] General Chemistry I
ENVS*1030 [1.00] Introduction to Environmental Sciences
MATH*1080 [0.50] Elements of Calculus I
Semester 2 - Winter
BIOL*1090 [0.50] Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology
CHEM*1050 [0.50] General Chemistry II
COOP*1100 [0.00] Introduction to Co-operative Education
FARE*1040 [1.00] Intro to Environmental Economics, Law & Policy
GEOG*1300 [0.50] Introduction to the Biophysical Environment
Semester 3 - Fall
ECON*1100 [0.50] Introductory Macroeconomics
FARE*2700 [0.50] Survey of Natural Resource Economics
1.50 electives or restricted electives
Winter Semester
COOP*1000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term I
Semester 4 - Summer
ECON*2310 [0.50] Intermediate Microeconomics
ECON*2410 [0.50] Intermediate Macroeconomics
ECON*2770 [0.50] Introductory Mathematical Economics
One of:
ECON*2740 [0.50] Economic Statistics
STAT*2040 [0.50] Statistics I
0.50 electives or restricted electives
Note: Students interested in the Statistics and Environmental Risk Assessment sequence in their restricted electives should choose STAT*2040 to satisfy the statistics requirement in the ENVS core. ECON*2740 may not be offered in the summer semester, so STAT*2040 should be taken if students wish to satisfy this program requirement in the summer semester.
Fall Semester
COOP*2000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term II
Semester 5 - Winter
ECON*3740 [0.50] Introduction to Econometrics
FARE*3170 [0.50] Cost-Benefit Analysis
1.50 electives or restricted electives
Summer Semester
COOP*3000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term III
Semester 6 - Fall
ECON*2100 [0.50] Economic Growth and Environmental Quality
ENVS*4001 [0.50] Project in Environmental Sciences
1.50 electives or restricted electives
Semester 7 - Winter
ENVS*4002 [0.50] Project in Environmental Sciences
FARE*4310 [0.50] Resource Economics
1.50 electives or restricted electives
Summer Semester (Optional)
COOP*4000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term IV
Semester 8 - Fall
ECON*4930 [0.50] Environmental Economics
FARE*4290 [0.50] Land Economics
1.50 electives or restricted electives
Restricted Electives

Students in the Environmental Economics and Policy major are required to complete 6.00 credits in restricted electives. 2.50 restricted elective credits must be in FARE or ECON courses at the 3000 or 4000 level.

Courses in the following lists may be taken to satisfy the restricted electives requirement. Courses are grouped to assist students select programs of study aimed at different educational and career paths.

List A

Students must select a minimum of 2.50 credits from the following lists:

  1. Quantitative Methods, Research and Graduate Studies

    ECON*3100 [0.50] Game Theory
    ECON*3710 [0.50] Advanced Microeconomics
    ECON*4640 [0.50] Advanced Econometrics
    ECON*4700 [0.50] Advanced Mathematical Economics
    ECON*4710 [0.50] Advanced Topics in Microeconomics
    ECON*4750 [0.50] Topics in Public Economics
    FARE*4500 [0.50] Decision Science
    FARE*4550 [0.50] Independent Studies I
    FARE*4560 [0.50] Independent Studies II
  2. Policy Analysis

    ECON*2650 [0.50] Introductory Development Economics
    ECON*3500 [0.50] Urban Economics
    ECON*3580 [0.50] Economics of Regulation
    ECON*3610 [0.50] Public Economics
    ECON*3620 [0.50] International Trade
    ECON*4830 [0.50] Economic Development
    ECON*4880 [0.50] Topics in International Economics
    EDRD*2650 [0.50] Introduction to Planning and Environmental Law
    FARE*2410 [0.50] Agri-food Markets and Policy
    FARE*3250 [0.50] Food and International Development
    FARE*4000 [0.50] Agricultural and Food Policy
    FARE*4210 [0.50] World Agriculture, Food Security and Economic Development
    FARE*4550 [0.50] Independent Studies I
    FARE*4560 [0.50] Independent Studies II
    POLS*3370 [0.50] Environmental Politics and Governance
List B

Students must select a minimum of 1.00 credits from the following lists:

  1. Remote Sensing, Geographical Information Systems and Spatial Analysis

    GEOG*2420 [0.50] The Earth From Space
    GEOG*2480 [0.50] Mapping and GIS
    GEOG*3420 [0.50] Remote Sensing of the Environment
    GEOG*3480 [0.50] GIS and Spatial Analysis
    GEOG*4480 [1.00] Applied Geomatics

  2. Statistics and Environmental Risk Assessment

    STAT*2050 [0.50] Statistics II
    STAT*3510 [0.50] Environmental Risk Assessment

    Note: Students interested in this sequence should take STAT*2040 rather than ECON*2740 to satisfy the statistics requirement in the ENVS core.

  3. Earth Sciences

    ENVS*2030 [0.50] Meteorology and Climatology
    ENVS*2060 [0.50] Soil Science
    ENVS*2310 [0.50] Introduction to Biogeochemistry
    ENVS*3060 [0.50] Groundwater
  4. Ecology and Conservation Biology

    BIOL*2060 [0.50] Ecology
    BIOL*3060 [0.50] Populations, Communities & Ecosystems
    BIOL*3130 [0.50] Conservation Biology
    BIOL*4150 [0.50] Wildlife Conservation and Management
    BIOL*4500 [0.50] Natural Resource Policy Analysis
    ENVS*2330 [0.50] Current Issues in Ecosystem Science and Biodiversity
  5. Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry

    ENVS*3020 [0.50] Pesticides and the Environment
    ENVS*3040 [0.50] Natural Chemicals in the Environment
    ENVS*3220 [0.50] Terrestrial Chemistry
    TOX*2000 [0.50] Principles of Toxicology
    TOX*3360 [0.50] Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology
University of Guelph
50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1