University of Guelph 2003-2004 Undergraduate Calendar

XII--Course Descriptions, Veterinary Medicine

Department of Biomedical Sciences.

Department of Clinical Studies.

Department of Pathobiology.

Department of Population Medicine.

Students entering the D.V.M. Program prior to Fall 2000 should refer to the undergraduate calendar for their year of program entry for appropriate course listings.

The hours in courses below indicate the approximate equivalent number of semester course hours.

These courses will be available only to students registered in the D.V.M. program.

VETM*3000 Veterinary Biochemistry Phase 1(2-1) [0.50]

This course integrates the biochemistry of the healthy animal with a study of some abnormalities in metabolic pathways. The emphasis is on understanding the physiological and biochemical mechanisms and regulatory processes within cells, tissues and organs, as a basis for later courses on diseases. Department of Biomedical Sciences

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3070 Veterinary Anatomy Phase 1(2-6) [2.00]

An introduction to comparative, topographical anatomy, primarily of 4 domestic mammals: cat, dog, horse and cow. Full dissections of these species are related to the living animal and to imaging, to form the basis for future studies in clinical morphology. Students are first introduced to the major anatomical systems and then to the regions in detail: thorax, abdomen, pelvis and perineum, limbs, and head and neck. Active learning, problem solving, communication skills and the integration of material across concurrent courses are fostered. Department of Biomedical Sciences.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3080 Veterinary Physiology Phase 1(3-3) [1.50]

The course describes the physiological processes carried out by the major tissues and organ systems, and the regulatory mechanisms that affect tissue and organ function. Topics dealt with in the course include the following: the cellular and chemical constituents of blood, blood coagulation and haemostasis, the function of the immune system, resistance to infectious agents and the principles of immunoprophylaxis, cardiac funtion, cardiovascular haemodynamics, blood pressure, peripheral and regional circulation of blood, the lymph circulation, the structure and function of the mammalian nervous system and organs associated with special senses, the functions of the digestive tract, lungs and kidney thermoregulation and water, electrolyte and acid-base balance. The homestatic features and species variation of the tissue organ systems will be emphasized. Departments of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3120 Veterinary Histology Phase 1(3-3) [0.75]

A lecture and laboratory course emphasizing the microscopic organization of the tissues and organs of domestic animals in various physiological states. Correlations between morphology and function of various cells and tissues comprising the organ systems will be discussed. Department of Biomedical Sciences.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3210 Art of Veterinary Medicine I Phase 1(Variable) [0.50]

In a series of integrated modules, this course will assist students in increasing their self-awareness and comprehension of a range of legal, professional and ethical values and behaviours that are essential and normal components of veterinary medicine. Emphasis will be placed on understanding, evaluating and improving interpersonal relations and oral and written communication skills. The ethical principles that underlie veterinary medicine will be explored in depth. The course will also assist students in understanding their position in the developing history of veterinary medicine and inform them of emerging trends. Issues related to professional development, how other species interact with humans, and the client/patient/veterinarian triad will be introduced. The application of these learned skills in the resolution of problems will be introduced. OVC Dean's Office, Department of Population Medicine and the Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3220 Art of Veterinary Medicine II Phase 2(2-0) [0.50]

Using modules, this course will build on, and enhance, the knowledge base and skill set acquired in Phase I in the area of communications, human-animal interactions, professional development, and the client/patient/veterinarian triad. The focus in these areas will now move towards recognising difficulties that may arise and how to differentiate abnormal situations from normal ones. Problem-solving, conflict resolution and stress management through application of innate and acquired knowledge and skills will be developed. In addition, the course will introduce concepts of business and entrepreneurial skills which are required for successful veterinary practice. OVC Dean's Office, Department of Population Medicine and the Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

Prerequisite(s): VETM*3210

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3390 Veterinary Medical Genetics Phase 1(1-1) [0.50]

The course deals with the genetic basis of disease and birth defects in general and the salient features and inheritance patterns of the common birth defects, metabolic errors and reproductive problems in domestic animals. Department of Biomedical Sciences.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3400 Health Management I Phase 1(3-1) [0.75]

The course is the first of two comprehensive and integrated courses that will span the first two phases of the DVM program. Both courses are intended to establish the foundation for, and contribute to the students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the context of the principles of health management. The primary emphasis of this component is to establish the historical perspective and basic tools required for health promotion and disease prevention. Department of Population Medicine.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3410 Health Management II Phase 2(3-0) [0.75]

This course is a continuation of the Phase 1 course Health Management I. Previously presented concepts will be explored in greater depth and complexity. Additional emphasis will be placed on relevant epidemiological tools for monitoring, outbreak investigation, critical appraisal and the applications of principles from the previous course in the series to measure performance, including relevant production genetics, and animal behaviour in a species/industry context. Department of Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3430 Clinical Medicine I Phase 1(Variable) [0.25]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the areas of animal handling and the clinical examination of various species. Students will become familiar with the expected variation in common clinical parameters and how this variation is impacted by aging, changes in health status, and external environmental influences and other sources of stress. Students will be introduced to clinical problem solving using case material from the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. They will develop their verbal and written communication skills through case simulations and analyses. The course will be presented using lectures, laboratory classes and independent study. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Clinical Studies.

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

VETM*3440 Clinical Medicine II Phase 2(0-2) [0.50]

The course is a continuation of Clinical Medicine I. It will contribute to students' achievement of selected elements of graduating competency in the areas of clinical examination of specific organ systems of various species. Students will enhance and refine their clinical problem solving skills using case material from the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. They will continue to develop their verbal and written communication skills through case simulations and analyses. The course will be presented using lectures, laboratory classes and independent study. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3450 Principles of Disease in Veterinary Medicine Phase 2(Variable) [2.75]

This course addresses several major topics, including principles of disease induction and transmission, host response to threat and injury, pathogenetic mechanisms of infectious and toxic agents, and manipulation of disturbances in health. The interaction among host, environmental, and etiologic factors in the development of disease will be highlighted. Students will learn to recognize, describe, and evaluate disturbances of health and homeostasis at the level of the population, individual animal, organ system, tissue and cell using a variety of diagnostic modalities. Departments of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3460 Theriogenology Phase 2(Variable) [0.75]

A lecture and laboratory course covering the normal and abnormal reproductive systems of domestic animals. The course will include mammalian reproductive physiology and histology, diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders, including infertility, and management of breeding programs of the common domestic species. An introduction to the new reproductive technologies used in theriogenology will also be provided. Departments of Biomedical Sciences, Pathobiology and Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3470 Anaesthesiology Phase 2(Variable) [0.75]

This course provides the general principles, pharmacologic basis, and practical applications of general and local anaesthesia in small and large animals. Other topics covered include fluid and acid-base imbalance and the prevention and treatment of surgical shock. Departments of Biomedical Sciences and Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3480 Phase 2: Special Topics Phase 2(Various) [0.50]

This course provides opportunities for students to enrich their educational experience, in depth and/or in breadth, beyond the core competency requirements of DVM 2000. This course is constructed of a series of topic-based modules related to the core teaching in Phase 2. Students will be required to take at least two of these modules. Departments of Biomedical Sciences, Clinical Studies, Pathobiology and Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*3510 Principles of Surgery Phase 2(2-0) [0.25]

The principles of surgery in various animal species are given. The lecture topics include patient and surgeon preparation, tissue handling instrumentation, suturing and surgical principles and approaches to various organ systems and anatomical regions. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

VETM*4220 Art of Veterinary Medicine III Phase 3(2-0) [0.50]

This modular course will require students to apply the knowledge and skills acquired in Phases 1 and 2 to problems that incorporate aspects of one or more of the following areas: communications and conflict resolution, ethics, professional behaviour, human- animal interactions, analysis and planning, and business issues. This course will focus on methods to resolve difficulties in the above areas that are interfering with intrapersonal and interpersonal relationships and with how to return abnormal situations to normal ones. Problem-solving, conflict resolution and stress management through application of innate and acquired knowledge and skills will be expected. The course will be taught primarily through case analysis. OVC Dean's Office, Department of Population Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4450 Equine Medicine and Surgery Phase 3(3-0) [0.50]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the context of the horse. The primary emphasis is directed towards developing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to develop strategies to deal with common and uncommon diagnoses. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4460 Food Animal Medicine and Surgery Phase 3(Variable) [1.00]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the context of the common ruminant species and swine. The primary emphasis is directed towards developing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to develop strategies to deal with common and uncommon diagnoses. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Departments of Clinical Studies and Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4470 Medicine and Surgery of Dog and Cat Phase 3(Variable) [1.00]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the context of the dog and cat. The primary emphasis is directed towards developing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to develop strategies to deal with common and uncommon diagnoses. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4480 Comparative Medicine Phase 3(Variable) [0.75]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected elements of graduating competency in the context of pet birds, commercial poultry and non-traditional species (fish, amphibians, reptiles, rabbits, rodents, ferrets, non-domestic carnivores and non-domestic ungulates). The primary emphasis is directed towards enhancing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to develop strategies to deal with common and uncommon diagnoses. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Pathobiology.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4490 Systems Pathology Phase 3(Variable) [1.00]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of selected elements of graduating competency in the context of pathobiology across the range of species. The primary emphasis is directed towards developing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to carry out the post-mortem examinations, select and perform relevant ancillary diagnostic tests and procedures, interpret findings, and initiate and interpret results of further investigations. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Pathobiology.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4520 Surgical Exercises Phase 3(Variable) [2.00]

Veterinary students receive training in preoperative planning, anaesthesia and surgical techniques, operative room decision making and post-operative care in this laboratory course. Students begin by practicing technical skills on inanimate models. They progress to performing a series of supervised operations designed to parallel the most commonly performed surgeries in private practice. A once weekly rounds period allows discussion of issues arising from the previous anaesthesia and surgery, and planning for the upcoming laboratory. Though some didactic material is presented, the course is mainly experiential. The evaluation outcome of the course is outstanding, pass or fail. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4530 Advanced Health Management Modules Phase 3(Variable) [0.50]

The course will contribute to students' achievement of greater depth in selected elements of graduating competency in the context of health management in species of their choice. The primary emphasis is directed towards developing species-specific skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the entry-level veterinarian to assess and advise on animal production and performance and evaluate the necessity for, and implementation of, health management programs. The course is constructed of a series of species-based modules. Students will be required to take two of the modules. The graduating competencies can be found on the OVC website (http://www.ovcnet.uoguelph.ca/homepage/html). Department of Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4830 Small Animal Clinics Phase 4(-) [2.50]

The goal of the small animal clinics course is to assist in the role transformation from veterinary student to veterinary practitioner. The course is largely experiential in structure and process. Small groups of students will rotate through various service areas, and actively participate in the diagnosis and treatment of client-owned animals in the teaching hospital. Regularly scheduled small group discussions allow the exploration of issues arising during diagnosis and management of the individual cases. The course is competency-based. Individual competency expectations for each clinical rotation are provided. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 3 courses, <csRCourseCode>VETM*4900</csRCourseCode>

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 4 courses

VETM*4840 Large Animal Clinics Phase 4(-) [2.50]

The goal of the large animal clinics course is to assist in the role transformation from veterinary student to veterinary practitioner, with emphasis on the recognition, diagnosis, and therapeutic management of diseases of individual large domestic animals. The course is largely experiential in structure and process. Small groups of students will rotate through various service areas, and actively participate in the diagnosis and treatment of client-owned animals in the teaching hospital. Regularly scheduled small group discussions allow the exploration of issues arising during diagnosis and management of the individual cases. The course is competency-based. Individual competency expectations for each clinical rotation are provided. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 3 courses, <csRCourseCode>VETM*4900</csRCourseCode>

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 4 courses

VETM*4850 Health Management Phase 4(-) [2.50]

This course is comprised of rotations in the food and animal clinics, as well as pathology, public health, theriogenology, and ethology. The study and implementation of management programs which affect the health of animals and ultimately human beings will be emphasized. Department of Population Medicine.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 3 courses, <csRCourseCode>VETM*4900</csRCourseCode>

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 4 courses

VETM*4870 Clinical Medicine III Phase 3(0-2) [0.25]

This course will contribute to students' achievement of selected DVM 2000 elements of competency in the context of the hospital environment. This is an integrated course in which students will enhance a variety of clinical skills, including physical examination, history taking, problem solving, and ancillary diagnostic tests and procedures. This course is primarily carried out in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital where students will be exposed to case material from the Large and Small Animal Clinics. The emphasis is directed towards enhancing the skills, knowledge and attitudes that will permit the student to maximize the benefit to be derived from senior year courses. Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 2 courses

Co-requisite(s): all Phase 3 courses

VETM*4900 Veterinary Externship Phase 4(-) [2.50]

This is an eight-week experiential learning opportunity that junior students in the DVM Program must organize by the mid-way through Phase 3 using resources available through the Department of Clinical Studies. The externship must be in approved private, primary care, veterinary practice (preferably in Ontario) that involves both food animal and companion animal species. Senior students in the DVM Program, under the supervision of a designated host veterinarian, will experience being part of a team providing health care services to the public. This course will provide students with the opportunity to integrate and apply their knowledge and experience from previous courses, and further refine their problem-solving and communication skills, and enhance their ability to work as part of a team. During the externship, students will receive formative evaluations of their performance relative to diagnostic skills, delivery of veterinary care, technical skills and professional conduct. At the end of the externship, students will also receive a summative evaluation in each of these areas. In addition to keeping a daily log of cases attended, students will also be required to write one case report. Normally, this will be based on a case attended during the externship and the manuscript will be written in the format of a "Brief Communication" following the format required by the Canadian Veterinary Journal. The evaluation outcome of this course is outstanding, pass or fail. Coordinated by the Department of Clinical Studies.

Prerequisite(s): all Phase 1, Phase 2 and Phase 3 courses


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