2007-2008 University of Guelph Undergraduate Calendar

XII. Course Descriptions

Environmental Biology

Department of Environmental Biology

Additional course listings may be found in the course descriptions for Microbiology, Plant Biology, Toxicology and Zoology.

ENVB*1010 Food Crop Pest Management W (2-2) [0.50]
The biology and control of insects, diseases, nematodes and weeds of field horticultural crops are studied. Pest control concepts including diagnosis and the biology of the pests, problem solving and the impact pest control products have on the environment with consideration to the safe use and storage or pesticides will be thoroughly examined. Non-chemical methods of pest control are also examined.
Restriction(s): Registered in B.B.R.M.
Location(s): Ridgetown
ENVB*2010 Food Production and the Environment W (3-0) [0.50]
Systems of food production are described and related to their impact on the environment and food safety. Consumer demands and the effects of food processing and packaging will be discussed. Issues of population pressure and sustainable development will be explored. For non-B.Sc.(Agr.) students.
Prerequisite(s): 2.50 credits
Restriction(s): AGR*1250. Not available to students registered in B.Sc. (Agr.)
ENVB*2030 Current Issues in Forest Science F (3-0) [0.50]
Basic principles of forestry and forest management with emphasis on Canada's forests. Relationship of important tree species to their preferred environments. Aspects of tree growth, forest ecology and soils and silviculture. Utilization of forests and trees in the global context.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040
ENVB*2040 Plant Health and the Environment W (3-0) [0.50]
This is an interdisciplinary course on the nature and importance of diseases, weeds, insects and abiotic stresses on plant productivity and quality. A case history approach will be used to illustrate the biology of plant pests, the principles of pest population management, and related topics.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040
ENVB*2100 Problem-Solving in Environmental Biology F,W (2-2) [0.50]
An introduction to current issues and problems in environmental biology. Methodologies of addressing environmental issues and concerns will be critically examined. Project design, information retrieval and organization, and the interpretation of statistical data will be covered. Oral and written presentations, both individual and group will be emphasized.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040, (CHEM*1050 or CHEM*1310), MATH*1080
ENVB*2210 Introductory Apiculture F,W (3-0) [0.50]
This course is designed to acquaint the student with the broad field of beekeeping. It will include honey bee biology and behaviour, management for honey production, products of the hive, pests and enemies and the value of bees as pollinators of agricultural crops. (Also offered through distance education format.)
ENVB*3000 Nature Interpretation F,W (2-3) [0.50]
An exploration of communication and experiential learning theories and their application to natural history interpretation and environmental education program design. Students will develop and present interpretive materials and a program within the context of the existing nature interpretation program at The Arboretum. (Also offered through distance education format.)
Prerequisite(s): 1 of BIOL*2060, BOT*2050, BIOL*3110
ENVB*3010 Climate Change Biology F (3-0) [0.50]
This course examines the impacts of climate change on living organisms, biological communities and ecosystems. The course focuses on what is known, and what is not known, about the ways in which the suite of changing climate variables influence biological systems.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040, (1 of BIOL*2060, BIOL*3110, BOT*2050), (CHEM*1050 or CHEM*1310)
ENVB*3030 Pesticides and the Environment W (3-2) [0.50]
The role and use of pesticides by various facets of society and the effect of these pesticides on biological activities in the environment. A research proposal is required.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040, (CHEM*1040 or CHEM*2300)
ENVB*3040 Natural Chemicals in the Environment F,W (3-0) [0.50]
The role of naturally occurring chemical substances in the inter-relationships of organisms, population dynamics and the structure of ecosystems, and the role of such chemicals in the biological regulation and control of pests. (Also offered through distance education format.)
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040
ENVB*3090 Insect Diversity and Biology W (3-3) [0.50]
This course is an overview of insect diversity and biology emphasizing groups of importance in conservation biology, outdoor recreation and economic entomology. Labs focus on insect identification and the development of a small insect collection.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040
ENVB*3160 Management of Turfgrass Diseases F (3-2) [0.50]
Ecology of turfgrass diseases and cultural methods of management will be emphasized, in addition to field recognition and microscopic diagnosis of diseases. Advances in biological and chemical control measures and their impact on turfgrass ecosystems and surrounding environments will also be discussed. (First offering Fall 2008.)
Prerequisite(s): HORT*2450
Restriction(s): DTM*3200
ENVB*3210 Plant Pathology F (2-3) [0.50]
The nature of disease in plants and a study of the basic principles of control. A collection of 30 plant disease specimens is required.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040
ENVB*3250 Forest Health and Disease F (2-2) [0.50]
The impact of beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms on forest health, and the biology and management of tree diseases in natural and urban ecosystems is covered in this course. Emphasis will be placed on ecological processes, host-pathogen interactions, mutualistic associations, wood decay, and human impacts on tree health.
Prerequisite(s): ENVB*2030 or BOT*2100
ENVB*3280 Waterborne Disease Ecology F (3-2) [0.50]
Emerging and re-emerging waterborne diseases (bacterial, protozoan, and viral) as a function of environmental change (including chemical and biological pollution and climate change) are covered in this course. Waterborne diseases, in freshwater and marine ecosystems, will be examined from historical and contemporary issues as they relate to public and environmental health from regional, national, and international perspectives. Topics presented within the course will include current waterborne diseases of humans and aquatic fauna, detection of waterborne pathogens, microbial evolution, microbial physiology, water regulations and protection of drinking water.
Prerequisite(s): BIOC*2580, MBG*2000
ENVB*3300 Applied Ecology and Environment F (2-2) [0.50]
Environmental issues require scientific analysis. The applications of ecology, the science of diversity, abundance, and activities of living things and their interactions with the physical and biotic environment, are presented as the basis for sustainable agricultural practices, ecosystem rehabilitation, and conservation. Use of ecological principles in planning and policy are debated in local, regional, national, and global contexts.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of BIOL*2060, CROP*2110, (BIOL*3110, BIOL*3120)
ENVB*3330 Ecosystem Processes and Applications W (3-0) [0.50]
An ecosystem approach that treats living organisms and physical elements of the environment as components of a single, integrated system is introduced in this course. The important processes that characterize ecosystems, tracing water, carbon and nutrients from their abiotic sources to their cycles through plants, animals and decomposers will be examined. Human activity is a dominant influence on these cycles and this influence is surveyed in several highly impacted ecosystems.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*1040, (1 of BIOL*2060, BIOL*3110, BOT*2050), (CHEM*1050 or CHEM*1310)
ENVB*4020 Water Quality and Environmental Management F (3-3) [0.50]
This course will introduce the student to issues pertaining to water quality, how to assess environmental impacts, and strategies for the management of water resources. Examples and case studies will draw from agricultural, industrial and municipal sources. Topics include: historical perspectives, methods to assess water quality, restoration and rehabilitation of impacted aquatic habitats, and risk assessment and management of water resources.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL*2060
ENVB*4040 Behaviour of Insects W (3-0) [0.50]
Investigation of the behaviour of insects within an ecological and evolutionary framework. Topics range from basic behavioral principles to the complex behaviour exhibited by the social insects.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of BIOL*3110, ENVB*3090, ZOO*4380, ZOO*4400
ENVB*4070 Biological and Cultural Control of Plant Diseases W (3-0) [0.50]
Current concepts and approaches to managing plant pathogens and diseases in crops and natural plant communities by measures that have minimal impact on the environment. Topics include naturally-occurring biological control such as suppressive soils and induced host resistance, use of microbial agents and their modes of action, transgenic disease resistance, use of organic soil amendments and mulches to promote microbial diversity and suppress pathogens, and effects of sanitation, crop sequences, tillage, flooding, soil solarization and other cultural practices on microbial communities, including pathogens and on disease epidemics.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of BIOL*3050, ENVB*3210, MICR*3220
ENVB*4100 Applied Entomology W (3-3) [0.50]
A study of the life histories and pest management practices employed against insect pests of various plant and animal hosts. Principles of economic entomology are illustrated using specific insect pests as examples.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of ENVB*3090, 0.50 credits in Crop Production at the 3000 level
ENVB*4130 Chemical Ecology: Principles & Practice W (3-0) [0.50]
Chemicals mediate interactions between individuals of a species and between organisms and their host plants. These interactions can be manipulated and exploited to mange pest populations through the use of pheromones, allelochemicals and host plant resistance. The nature of these interactions (from behavioural to evolutionary), biological and chemical methods used in their investigation, and the application of chemical ecology to insect pest and plant disease management will be covered.
Prerequisite(s): ENVB*3040
ENVB*4220 Biology of Aquatic Insects F (2-3) [0.50]
A study of the adult and immature forms of aquatic insects. Students are required to present a collection of at least 200 insects.
Prerequisite(s): ENVB*3090
ENVB*4240 Biological Activity of Pesticides W (3-0) [0.50]
A study of the fate and mode of action of pesticides, e.g., insecticides, herbicides and fungicides.
Prerequisite(s): 0.50 credits in biochemistry
ENVB*4260 Field Entomology F (1-6) [0.50]
An introduction to insect sampling, observation, and experimentation in field situations. Lectures and discussions on the biology of the insect fauna of the field site. Students conduct two projects (individual or small group): (1) a diversity study involving the observation, collection and identification of selected groups of insects and (2) a behaviour/ecology study utilizing experimental techniques to test hypotheses. Student evaluation based on participation in course activities and written reports. Course fees cover the costs of room, board, equipment, and transportation to the field station. Detailed information is available from the Office of the Chair - Department of Environmental Biology. This course must be recorded as part of your Fall course selection and tuition and compulsory fees will be calculated accordingly.
Prerequisite(s): 1.00 or more credits in biological sciences, ENVB*3090
ENVB*4270 Insect Biosystematics W (2-3) [0.50]
A study of the lesser known groups of native insects and an introduction to taxonomic procedure and the principles of insect systematics. Students are required to assemble their own insect collections prior to registering in this course. The laboratory portion of the course will focus on identification of student insect collections.
Prerequisite(s): ENVB*3090
ENVB*4290 Applied Insect Physiology F (2-3) [0.50]
This course examines major physiological systems of insects at the molecular, cellular and whole animal levels of organization. Emphasis is placed on identification of potential physiological targets for insecticides, and molecular mechanisms of insecticide resistance. Applications of analytical chemistry, electrophysiology, mathematical modeling and molecular biology to the study of insect physiology are discussed. The course includes tutorial exercises examining the external and internal morphology of representative insect species.
Prerequisite(s): STAT*2040, (1 of ENVB*3030, ENVB*3040, ENVB*3090, TOX*2000, ZOO*3200)
ENVB*4420 Problems in Environmental Biology S,F,W (0-6) [0.50]
Students will select a research problem in an area of special interest. Direction will be given by a faculty member concerned with entomology-apiculture, applied microbiology, weed science and environmental physiology, plant pathology, etc., as represented within the department. For 7th and 8th semester students considering graduate studies.
Prerequisite(s): 1.50 credits at the 3000 level in the agricultural and biological sciences .
Restriction(s): Instructor consent required.
ENVB*4550 Ecotoxicological Risk Characterization W (3-0) [0.50]
A biologically based, advanced course that will give students working knowledge of current processes and techniques for ecotoxicological risk characterization. The course material will cover the topics of problem definition, dose response characterization, exposure characterization, risk assessment, and risk management decision making. (Also listed as TOX*4550.)
Prerequisite(s): ENVB*3030, TOX*2000
Equate(s): TOX*4550
ENVB*4780 Forest Ecology F,W (3-3) [0.50]
Principles of forest ecology with emphasis on the ecological principles needed for sound forest management. Biotic and abiotic components of forest ecosystems will be discussed in the context of energy flow, nutrient cycling, forest succession and appropriate silvicultural systems. (Also offered through distance education format.)
Prerequisite(s): 1 of BOT*2050, BIOL*2060, BIOL*3110, ENVB*2030
ENVB*4800 Topics in Applied Biology F (2-2) [0.50]
An integrated overview of those areas of applied biology that are of special interest to environmentalists. The material will be directed toward students majoring in Environmental Biology and Environmental Protection. Lectures and discussions will be presented by faculty and other professionals from research, business, education and technical fields. Students will conduct seminars on selected topics.
Prerequisite(s): 1.50 credits at the 3000 level in the agricultural or biological sciences
Restriction(s): Restricted to B.Sc. (Environmental Biology major) or B.Sc. (Env.) (Environmental Protection major. )