XII. Course Descriptions

Soil Science

School of Environmental Sciences

SOIL*2010 Soil Science S,F,W (3-2) [0.50]
This course is an introduction to the principles of soil science - the origin of soils, their classification and interpretation in natural and modified environments. Soil will be studied as a product of the natural environment, with a focus on formation processes and changes which occur when it is modified through use. A variety of uses including agriculture, forestry, recreation, and urban development will be considered. This course is not for B.Sc.(Agr.) students. (Also offered through Distance Education format.)
SOIL*3050 Land Utilization F (3-1) [0.50]
Principles of land utilization and planning at the global, national, regional and local levels. Land characterization and classification using photo-interpretive techniques and computerized soil survey interpretive programs. Land capability/suitability for agriculture, forestry and engineering purposes. Emphasis on specific land use issues in Canada.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, GEOG*1300, GEOL*1000, SOIL*2010
SOIL*3060 Environmental Soil Chemistry F (3-2) [0.50]
The formation and properties of clay minerals and organic matter; ionic exchange, soil acidity, and alkalinity, oxidation and reduction potential, and dissolution and precipitation. Laboratory sessions will illustrate principles of soil chemistry.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
SOIL*3070 Environmental Soil Physics F (3-3) [0.50]
Practical aspects of water movement and contaminant transport in soils. Hands-on experience with standard laboratory and field methods of measuring soil physical properties. Applications of soil physics in characterizing pathogen and nutrient transport to groundwater, landfill cap and linear design, turf management.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of MATH*1080, AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
SOIL*3080 Soil and Water Conservation S,F (2-3) [0.50]
A lecture-demonstration course on the processes leading to deterioration of soil and water quality, the impact of deterioration on use, and preventative or corrective measures. Soil erosion by water and wind, soil compaction and salinization. Drainage channel maintenance, sedimentation and nutrient enrichment of water. Conservation programs and policies. Reclamation of severely disturbed soils and saline-sodic soils. Emphasis will be on concepts and solutions to problems in a systems approach. (Also offered through Distance Education format.)
Prerequisite(s): 1 of AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
SOIL*3200 Environmental Soil Biology W (3-3) [0.50]
Soil biological processes involving both microflora and fauna with emphasis on waste management, soil fertility and structure, plant residue decomposition and xenobiotic compound biodegradation. Students will apply this knowledge in a project involving biodegradation of an organic waste.
Prerequisite(s): 10.00 credits including 1 of AGR*2301/2 , AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
SOIL*4070 Problems in Land Resource Science S,F,W (0-6) [0.50]
Students will carry out a research project in an area of special interest. Individualized supervision will be provided by a faculty member. The preparation of an oral and/or written report will be required. Approval to take this course must be obtained from the School Director during the previous semester.
Prerequisite(s): AGR*2320 or ENVS*2010 and 1.00 credits at the 3000 or higher level in soil science, geology or meteorology
Restriction(s): School Director consent required.
SOIL*4090 Soil Management F (3-1) [0.50]
A lecture-tutorial course on the practical aspects of soil management for crop production as they relate to the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils; major emphasis is placed on soil fertility as related to field soil properties and fertilizer, lime and manure use, soil and plant testing for mineral nutrients. The beneficial aspects of drainage, irrigation, erosion control and related tillage practices on soil fertility are also presented. Due regard is given to both economic and environmental aspects of soil management practices.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
SOIL*4130 Soil and Nutrient Management F (4-3) [0.50]
This course consists of the same lectures and seminars as SOIL*4090, but with an additional laboratory. The laboratory portion will focus on the regulatory requirements as stated under the Nutrient Management Act, 2001. Students will discuss nutrient management issues and gain practical experience using the NMAN software program.
Prerequisite(s): 1 of AGR*2301/2, AGR*2320, SOIL*2010
Restriction(s): ENVM*1070, SOIL*4090
SOIL*4250 Soils in the Landscape F (3-3) [0.50]
This course has field, laboratory and classroom components. It focuses on soil spatial and temporal variability, evaluating soil properties in relation to controlling factors and processes, on local to global scales. Students are exposed to standard procedures for collecting soil data in the field and laboratory, highlighting sampling design and data extrapolation, as well as relevant applications of digital imaging of soil (micropedology) and landscapes. Principles of soil classification are discussed and several systems are introduced, emphasizing the Canadian System of Soil Classification; key concepts associated with the production of soil maps and reports, as well as the role of geographic information systems in archiving and interpreting soil information, are also examined. Students are required to notify the designated departmental instructor, of their intention to participate in this course, during the previous winter semester (or earlier, if going on exchange programs). This course has field camps which run during the week preceding the Fall semester. A fee is charged to cover some costs of field activities.
Prerequisite(s): 12.50 credits including (1 of AGR*2320, GEOL*1050, GEOL*1100, SOIL*2010)
Restriction(s): SOIL*3170, SOIL*4170 Restricted to B.Sc.(Agr.) Agroecosystem Management or B.Sc.(Env.) Earth and Atmospheric Science majors or B.B.R.M. Instructor consent required.
University of Guelph
50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1