# XII. Course Descriptions

## Nanoscience

NANO*1000 Introduction to Nanoscience F (3-0) [0.50] | |
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This course introduces students to the emerging field of nanoscience. Its representation in popular culture and journalism will be contrasted with the present and near future realities in the field. Current industrial and business applications will be discussed. Guest lectures will be given by faculty performing research in the field. The course also aims to help students in their transition to the academic life by emphasizing skills and values such as academic integrity and problem solving and by actively connecting their first-year science core courses to the field of nanoscience. | |

Prerequisite(s): | 4U Chemistry or 4U Physics |

Restriction(s): | Registration in Nanoscience Major. |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*2000 Synthesis of Nanomaterials F (3-3) [0.50] | |
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This course explores the structure of matter, focussing on condensed phases. Crystalline and amorphous materials as well as polymers and composites will be studied. Structural, mechanical, and electronic properties will be highlighted and the changes in these properties that are observed as the dimensions are reduced below 100 nm in size will be studied. Methods to fabricate nanoparticles, nanocomposites, thin films, polymers, ferrofluids, and other nanomaterials will be discussed. | |

Prerequisite(s): | CHEM*1050, [IPS*1510 or ( MATH*1210, PHYS*1010)] |

Restriction(s): | Registration in Nanoscience Major. |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*2100 Analysis of Nanomaterials W (3-3) [0.50] | |
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This course provides an in-depth study of the important instruments that have been developed to analyze nanostructured materials. Useful information that is derived from scattering processes involving X-rays, visible light, electrons, and neutrons will be studied. Microscopic techniques such as Atomic Force Microscopy will also be studied because of the nanoscale structural information that they can provide. The study of spectroscopic techniques also forms part of the course. The application of these instruments to lithographic production techniques is also developed. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*2000 |

Department(s): | Department of Physics |

NANO*3200 Nanolithographic Techniques W (3-3) [0.50] | |
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Lithographic techniques applied at the micrometer and nanometer scale are key to the production of devices for the electronic and related industries. Projection and proximity techniques (XUV, electron, and ion beams) and writing processes (electron beam, ion beam, and scanned probe) will be explored. Emphasis will also be placed on soft lithographic techniques such as stamping and dip-pen nanolithography. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*2100 |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*3300 Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials W (3-3) [0.50] | |
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The interaction of nanostructured matter with light gives rise to some of its most important observable properties. The absorption and fluorescence properties of nanomaterials will be studied. Particular attention will be paid to experiments which require nanoscale path lengths, such as IR spectroscopy of monomolecular thin films. Local spectroscopic probes with nanoscale resolution such as Near-field Scanning Optical Microscopy (NSOM) and Scanning Probe Spectroscopy (SPS) will be explored. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*2100, (CHEM*3860 or PHYS*3230) |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*3500 Thin Film Science F (3-3) [0.50] | |
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The deposition and growth of thin layers of materials is an important process on the production of many devices. This course will study the various methods by which thin films are grown including physical and chemical vapour deposition, molecular beam epitaxy, atomic layer epitaxy, and self-assembled monolayers. Experimental techniques for analyzing the properties of thin films will also be discussed. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*2100 |

Department(s): | Department of Physics |

NANO*3600 Computational Methods in Materials Science F (3-3) [0.50] | |
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Many computational techniques have been brought to bear on the study of nanostructured matter. This course will present several of these techniques and will introduce a number of computational packages that can be used to study matter. Monte Carlo and ab initio methods along with molecular dynamics simulations will be studied, with an emphasis upon the implementation of the software packages and the appropriate interpretation of the results. | |

Prerequisite(s): | MATH*2160, MATH*2170, CIS*1500 is highly recommended |

Co-requisite(s): | CHEM*3860 or PHYS*3230 |

Department(s): | Department of Physics |

NANO*3700 Introduction to Quantum Computing W (3-0) [0.50] | |
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This course is an introduction to quantum computation and quantum information. Following an introduction to the basics of linear algebra, quantum mechanics, and computer science, the topics covered will be taken from the following: qubits, quantum channels, quantum circuit model and unitary gates, entanglement and quantum teleportation, introductory quantum algorithms, physical error models, no-cloning theorem, error-correcting codes, and quantum error correction. | |

Prerequisite(s): | MATH*2160, (CHEM*3860 or PHYS*3230) |

Department(s): | Department of Mathematics and Statistics |

NANO*4100 Biological Nanomaterials F (3-0) [0.50] | |
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Biological systems provide a rich range of examples of specialized chemical systems that are structured on the nanoscale. Nanofibres, microtubules, viruses, and ribosomes are examples of systems that can be studied from the perspective of nanoscience. Using these systems or developing artificial systems which mimic their functionality are important growth areas in nanoscience and will be explored in this course. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*2100 |

Department(s): | Department of Physics |

NANO*4200 Topics in Nanomaterials W (3-0) [0.50] | |
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This course will introduce students to special topics in nanostructured materials. The course will illustrate how to design, create, characterize and utilize new materials in which the presence of a nanoscale structural elements results in new properties of fundamental and technological importance. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*3300, NANO*3500, (CHEM*3860 or PHYS*3230) |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*4500 Quantum Algorithms F (3-0) [0.50] | |
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This course studies important algorithms being developed in the field of quantum computing. Topics covered will include a selection from the following: review of the quantum circuit model, classical versus quantum algorithms, phase kick-back, DeutschJozsa algorithm, Simon's algorithm, quantum Fourier transform, Shor's factoring algorithm, Grover's search algorithm, and an introduction to quantum computational complexity. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*3700 |

Department(s): | Department of Mathematics and Statistics |

NANO*4510 Quantum Cryptography and Error Correction W (3-0) [0.50] | |
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This course introduces the basics of quantum error correction and considers applications to quantum cryptography. Topics covered will include a selection from: private key cryptography, quantum key distribution, security and coherent information, private quantum channels, error models, recovery and testable conditions for error correction, stabilizer codes, introduction to fault tolerant quantum computing, and the threshold theorem. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*3700 |

Department(s): | Department of Mathematics and Statistics |

NANO*4900 Advanced Studies in Nanoscience W (1-5) [0.50] | |
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This course will guide students through the primary literature of the field with readings from recent achievements. Students will select individual topics on which they will prepare seminars and written reports. | |

Prerequisite(s): | 1.50 credits in NANO courses at the 3000 level. |

Restriction(s): | PHYS*4300 |

Department(s): | Department of Physics |

NANO*4910 Nanoscience Research Project I S,F,W (0-12) [1.00] | |
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Students will work with faculty in their laboratories on research topics of current interest. A final written paper and oral presentation of the work will be given by the students. | |

Prerequisite(s): | 1.50 credits in NANO courses at the 3000 level. |

Restriction(s): | Instructor consent required. |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |

NANO*4920 Nanoscience Research Project II S,F,W (0-12) [1.00] | |
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Students will work with faculty in their laboratories on research topics of current interest. A final written paper and oral presentation of the work will be given by the students. | |

Prerequisite(s): | NANO*4910 |

Restriction(s): | Instructor consent required. |

Department(s): | Department of Chemistry |