Prof Gets $3-Million Grant, Aims to Prevent Habitat Loss
May 09, 2011 - News Release
Using Canada’s largest national park as his laboratory, a University of Guelph professor will test cutting-edge DNA technology that could change how we monitor and protect the environment.
Prof. Mehrdad Hajibabaei received a $3-million grant from Genome Canada through the Ontario Genomics Institute to conduct research in Wood Buffalo National Park, considered one of Canada’s most valued ecosystems.
Hajibabaei’s grant proposal tied for the No. 1 spot in Genome Canada’s Large-Scale Applied Research Project Competition for environment and forestry.
“This funding will have a significant impact on helping prevent catastrophic habitat loss,” said Hajibabaei, an integrative biology professor and director of technology development at the Guelph-based Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.
Located in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, Wood Buffalo National Park is a world heritage site and the second-largest natural protected area on Earth. But its remoteness and protected status are not enough, Hajibabaei said.
“It’s increasingly threatened by climate change and encroachment from industrial development such as oilsands, mining and hydroelectric dams.”
Hajibabaei’s team covers researchers from five universities in four provinces, as well as two federal agencies, Environment Canada and Parks Canada. They will use state-of-the-art DNA sequencing technology and computing to “biomonitor” the park’s freshwater and soil habitats.
They’ll gather genomic information to study the mix of species from bacteria to animals and plants, monitor changes and measure ecological risk. They’ll develop a new DNA-based early-warning system to help pinpoint critical environmental stresses.
New technology called next-generation sequencing will allow the researchers to analyze millions of DNA sequences at once and identify species from bulk specimens taken from soil and water, including riverbeds.
These sequences will be analyzed using advanced computational methods. They’ll be compared with a growing reference library of DNA sequences called DNA barcodes, a species identification system developed by Guelph researchers.
“It will allow us to get a more complete picture of the biodiversity of the less visible yet critically important groups of organisms, including soil and water invertebrates, protists and other micro-organisms,” Hajibabaei said.
Currently, labour-intensive biomonitoring limits the frequency, scope and intensity of sampling, especially in remote areas.
“Essentially, we are moving from a measure based on sentinel species to a holistic map of biodiversity in a given ecosystem,” he said.
“We’ll also for the first time be able to show the consequences of environmental change in a given environment in real time. This is a powerful shift from prediction of biodiversity changes, and it will help us set environmental targets.”
Scientists from numerous fields will use the information to conduct their research and to help protect ecosystems, Hajibabaei said.
“By integrating our new genomics tools and technologies into the existing Canadian monitoring framework, such as Environment Canada’s Aquatic Biomonitoring Network, we will better understand the health of our valuable national resources. Our project will set the stage for the application of genomics in biomonitoring at national and international levels.”
Hajibabaei’s project is among $23-million worth of grants announced today by the Ontario Genomics Institute to support genomics research in the province. In total, Genome Canada’s Large-Scale Applied Research Project Competition awarded more than $58 million to 16 projects across the country.
Prof. Mehrdad Hajibabaei
Biodiversity Institute of Ontario
Department of Integrative Biology
519-824-4120, Ext. 52487 or 56718
For media questions, contact Communications and Public Affairs: Lori Bona Hunt, 519-824-4120, Ext. 53338, email@example.com, or Deirdre Healey, Ext. 56982, firstname.lastname@example.org.