The batch method uses a vat pasteurizer which consists of a jacketed vat surrounded by either circulating water with added steam or heating coils of hot water or direct steam.
In the vat the milk is heated and held throughout the holding period while being agitated. The milk may be cooled in the vat or removed hot after the holding time is completed for every particle. As a modification, the milk may be partially heated in tubular or plate heater before entering the vat. This method has very little use for milk but some use for milk by-products (e.g. creams, chocolate) and special batches. The vat pasteurizer is used extensively in the ice cream industry as it allows for dissolution and blending of ingredients during the heating stage.