Concentrated and Dried Dairy Products
Fluid milk contains approximately 88% water. Concentrated milk products are obtained through partial water removal. Dried dairy products have even greater amounts of water removed to usually less than 4%. The benefits of both these processes include an increased shelf-life, convenience, product flexibility, decreased transportation costs, and storage.
The following products will be discussed here:
Concentrated Dairy Products
- Evaporated Skim or Whole Milk
- Sweetened Condensed Milk
- Condensed Buttermilk
- Condensed Whey
Dried Dairy Products
- Milk Powder
- Whey Powder
- Whey Protein Concentrates
The principles of evaporation and dehydration can be found in the Dairy Processing section.