Dr. James Bogart
Office: SCIE 1467
Lab: SCIE 1407/1408
BSA - Toronto 1964
MA - Texas 1967
Ph.D. - Texas 1969
My research focuses on speciation events in amphibians that involve theoretically complex phenomena. Among the vertebrates, bisexual tetraploids and unisexual hybrids that maintain genomes consisting of up to three or four species are only known in a mphibians. Additionally, amphibians demonstrate a great diversity in the rates of chromosome evolution which is useful in examining the role that chromosomes play in speciation. Terrestrial breeding frogs have considerable chromosome variation. The significance of this observation is being tested by examining frogs in the genus Eleutherodactylus which is the largest vertebrate genus. These frogs range through Central and South America and have speciated rapidly in the Antilles.
The objectives of my research are to test hypotheses relating to genetic composition, restructuring and regulation that have a selective role in the process of amphibian evolution. My multi-disciplinary investigations combine population genetics and cytogenetics with an examination of reproductive isolating mechanisms used by individuals in natural populations. I investigate gene flow in natural populations of frogs and salamanders, gene probing to determine the location of unique sequences and moderately repeated sequence genes on lampbrush and mitotic chromosomes, morphological attributes o f the vocal apparatus in frogs that may alter the acoustic signal, and the function of major rivers in the tropics as barriers to gene flow. In addition to field studies, artificial hybrid combinations are produced in the laboratory to study gene interaction and regulation of unique combinations of alleles.
Schmid, M., C. Steinlein, J.P. Bogart. W. Feichtinger, P. León, E. LaMarca, L.M. Diaz, A. Sanz, S-H. Chen, and S.B. Hedges. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs. Insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 130-131: 1-800.
Bi, K., and J. P. Bogart. 2010. Time and time again: unisexual salamanders (genus Ambystoma) are the oldest unisexual vertebrates. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 238 (doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-238).
Bi, K., and J. P. Bogart. 2010. Probing the meiotic mechanism of intergenomic exchanges by genomic in situ hybridization on lampbrush chromosomes of unisexual Ambystoma (Amphibia: Caudata). Chromosome Research 18: 371-382. (doi: 10.1007/s10577-010-9121-3).
Bogart, J. P., J. Bartoszek, D.W.A. Noble, and K. Bi. 2009. Sex in unisexual salamanders: discovery of a new sperm donor with ancient affinities. Heredity 103: 483-493.
Bogart, J. P., and Klemens, M. W. 2008. Additional distributional records of Ambystoma laterale, A. jeffersonianum (Amphibia: Caudata) and their unisexual kleptogens in northeastern North America. American Museum Novitates 3627: 1-58.
Bogart, J. P., K. Bi, J. Fu, D.W.A. Noble, and J. Niedzwieki. 2007. Unisexual salamanders (genus Ambystoma) present a new reproductive mode for eukaryotes. Genome 50: 119-136.