Catalysis - Principles and Industrial Applications (CHEM*7100)
Code and section: CHEM*7100*01
Term: Fall 2023
Department of Chemistry
University of Guelph
CHEM*7100 Selected Topics in Inorganic Chemistry Unspecified [0.50]
Discussion of specialized topics related to the research interests of members of the Centre. Special topics could include, for example: bioinorganic chemistry; inorganic reaction mechanisms; synthetic methods in inorganic and organometallic chemistry; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis; chemistry of polynuclear compounds.
Department(s): Department of Chemistry
Location(s): Guelph, Waterloo Campus
This course will provide an introduction and overview of the field of catalysis using (supported) heterogeneous metal/metal oxide and transition metal complexes focusing on
- general principles and reaction patterns of catalytically active transition metal centres, metal/metal oxide surfaces and supported metals.
- mechanisms: kinetic and thermodynamic parameters and how to determine them.
- activation of small molecules such as hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, ethylene, propylene, ethylene oxide, etc.
- large scale industrially relevant processes and their socio-economic importance.
The ultimate objective of the course is to provide you with the know-how to understand (or at least make some educated guesses on) the mechanisms of any catalyzed reactions and have some insight into the principles of catalyst, reaction and process design. The course will be - as much as possible - conceptual in nature and thus should be suitable for students in any field of chemistry (inorganic, organic, physical and analytical) with 3rd year level undergraduate courses in inorganic and organic chemistry.
Tentative topics to be covered in lectures:
- What is catalysis ? Some simple truth and definitions: TOF, TON, catalyst life-times and space- time yields.
- Homogeneous vs heterogeneous catalysts.
- Heterogeneous catalysts: types of catalysts, active sites, and defects.
- Synthesis and characterization of metal and metal oxide catalysts.
- 5. Types of reactors and some important heterogeneously catalyzed processes.
- Homogeneous catalysts: Overview of types of ligands and their electronic and steric properties. Reaction patterns of transition metal centres and their coordinated ligands.
- The tools of the trade: mechanistic investigations through thermodynamic, kinetic and isotope labelling studies.
- Two historical perspectives on homogeneous catalysts: The Wacker process and Wilkinson's Catalyst.
- Hydrogenation and hydrogenolysis reactions beyond Wilkinson: The Shvo and Noyori systems: ionic and enantioselective hydrogenations.
- Oxidation and epoxidation beyond Wacker: The search for efficient and "green" aerobic oxidation catalysts. The Sharpless catalyst.
- Adding carbons I: Hydroformylation, hydrocyanation, carbonylation, Fischer-Tropsch chemistry and related reactions - the Monsanto process.
- Adding carbons II: Oligomerization and dimerization reactions. The Shell Higher Olefin Process (SHOP). Metallocenes and other single-site polymerization catalysts. Metathesis reactions and ROMP using Grubb's catalyst.
- The Holy Grail I: Catalytic C-H bond activation in simple hydrocarbons: The Catalytica process (Periana Catalyst) and related fundamental processes.
- The Holy Grail II: Catalytic Hydrodeoxygenation of biomass to fuel and chemicals.
- Cross-coupling and other miscellaneous reactions: Heck, Stille, Sonogashira, Hartwig, Buchwald, etc.
- Doing things differently: Ionic liquids, supercritical solvents and homogeneous catalysts on solid supports: Biphasic reactions and catalyst recovery and reuse.
- ... we will see !
instead extensive lecture notes and reading material in form of primary (i.e., research articles) and secondary (i.e., review articles) will be made available online for download.
|Midterm (in class, date TBA by discussion in class)||40 %|
|Student Seminar Presentation in class (via Mini-Link)||30 %|
|Research proposal (as take-home final)||30 %|
No laboratory component.
Each student in the course will be required to give a ~ 30 min. presentation (PowerPoint or OpenOffice - max. 30 slides) on a topic of his/her choice within the field of catalysis. In order to coordinate this effort and avoid overlap, I will suggest and discuss potential topics in the first class.
The final exam will be take-home in the form of a research proposal in NSERC format (5 pages + 2 pages literature referecnes) on a specific topic of your choice within the field of homogeneous catalysis. The proposal and presentation cannot be on the same topic. Proposals can also not be on a topic covered by someone else in class, but can constitute an extension of your own graduate research project, as it relates to catalysis (if applicable). Guidelines on the preparation of NSERC proposals can be found on the NSERC website at www.nserc.ca. The proposal should give a brief 2-2 1/2 pages mini-review of the (patent) literature relevant to your chosen topic and include mechanistic and/or synthetic discussion and a 2 -2 1/2 page description of the actual research proposed outlining the conceptual and experimental approach.
Due date for take-home exam (research proposal): 2023-12-08 as a pdf file by email and/or cloud upload.
Required mode of submission of your research proposal is as a word processor or pdf file by e-mail or by upload to the Course Cloud (login & password to be announced).
Notwithstanding article 184, Section 2A of the Criminal Code of Canada and in accordance with UofG policies, recording the lectures, let alone posting them online in any shape or form, is NOT permitted without explicit written permission from the instructor. Non-compliance will result in expulsion from the course and a mark of zero being assigned.
No class on Monday 2021-10-09 – Thanksgiving.
Midterm: In class on paper – dates to be determined by in class discussion and dependent on the number of students in the course.
Dates of Student Lectures: TBA – depends on the number of students in the course. End: 2021-12-01 (Friday - rescheduled from Thanksgiving as per UofG calendar).
Anytime as needed by appointment in person or online remote by TEAMS, ZOOM or SKYPE.
Please note that the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may necessitate a revision of the format of course offerings, changes in classroom protocols, and academic schedules. Any such changes will be announced via CourseLink and/or class email. This includes on-campus scheduling during the semester, mid-terms and final examination schedules. All University-wide decisions will be posted on the COVID-19 website and circulated by email.
Students are encouraged to wear a face mask in order to attend class and lab.
Please note, these guidelines may be updated as required in response to evolving University, Public Health or government directives.
Appropriate Online Behaviour
Inappropriate online behaviour will not be tolerated. Examples of inappropriate online behaviour include:
- Posting inflammatory messages about your instructor or fellow students
- Using obscene or offensive language online
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- Adapting information from the Internet without using proper citations or references
- Buying or selling term papers or assignments
- Posting or selling course materials to course notes websites
- Having someone else complete your quiz or completing a quiz for/with another student
- Stating false claims about lost quiz answers or other assignment submissions
- Threatening or harassing a student or instructor online
- Discriminating against fellow students, instructors and/or TAs
- Using the course website to promote profit-driven products or services
- Attempting to compromise the security or functionality of the learning management system
- Sharing your username and password
- Recording lectures without the permission of the instructor
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Copies of out-of-class assignments
Keep paper and/or other reliable back-up copies of all out-of-class assignments: you may be asked to resubmit work at any time.
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When accommodations are needed, the student is required to first register with Student Accessibility Services (SAS). Documentation to substantiate the existence of a disability is required, however, interim accommodations may be possible while that process is underway.
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- turn off their camera
- mute their microphone
- edit their name (e.g., initials only) upon entry to each session
- use the chat function to pose questions.
Students who express to their instructor that they, or a reference to their name or person, do not wish to be recorded may discuss possible alternatives or accommodations with their instructor.
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