Policy 1.2 - Policy Statement on Freedom of Expression
The official version of this policy is housed with the University Secretariat. In the event of a discrepancy, the official version will prevail.
Approving Authority: Board of Governors (endorsed by Senate on November 26, 2018)
Responsible Office: Provost & Vice-President (Academic) Office, University Secretariat
Responsible Officer: Provost and Vice-President (Academic)
Original Approval Date: December 20, 2018
Most Recent Revision Date: N/A
Previous Revisions: N/A
In its founding and foundational documents, the Univeristy of Guelph articulates its core value as the pursuit of truth and its essential purpose as the advancement of learning and the dissemination of knowledge to serve society and enhance the quality of life through scholarship.i
To achieve its purpose and fulfill its Mission, the University is committed to the principle of Freedom of Expression, which includes freedom of speech and means the ability to examine, question, critique, investigate, enquire, speculate and communicate on issues without deference to prescribed doctrine. On our University campuses, various forms of expression may be used, including peaceful assembly.
Universities are unique institutions. Few others carry the weighty responsibility to preserve, advance and disseminate knowledge for current and future generations. By virtue of this responsibility, universities must be places for open discussion and free enquiry, as topics deemed controversial and that give rise to or are likely to give rise to disagreement or discomfort are often introduced, debated and analyzed. Debate or deliberation ought not be suppressed because the ideas put forth are thougth by some or even by most members of the University community to be offensive, unwise, immoral, or wrong-headed.ii In such instances, a balance must be struck amongst the principles of free enquiry, a commitment to diversity and inclusion, and the protection of human rights.iii
Freedom of Expression is exercised in a society where laws exist, values collide and interests compete. While members of the University and broader community are free to criticize, contest and even condemn views expressed by others, they may not use expression as a direct attack that has the effect of preventing others from exercising the same freedom to express their views. Freedom of Expression does not extend to that which is prohibited by law, including but not limited to hate speech or incitement of violence, harassment or discrimination, or violation of an individual's right to privacy. This freedom is never without its limits since it is expressed within our University community, which espouses values of mutual respect, civil discourse, inclusion and the highest standards of human equality.iv It is expected that all members of the University community will support and enrich these values.v
The University retains the ability to reasonably manage the time, place and manner of expression, and the use of University resources by members of the University community and the general public. The University reserves the right to restrict expression that it reasonably believes violates laws, creates safety concerns or disrupts the normal functioning of the University. Administrative decisions in this regard should not be made lightly and, when necessary, will be considered in a manner consistent with the University's commitment to Freedom of Expression.
This policy applies to all members of the University of Guelph community as well as guests and visitors to campus. The University has existing policies and procedures including but not limited to the Human Rights Policy and Procedures, Policy on Non-academic Misconduct, and Student Organization Policy that inform and support this policy. This policy does not amend or negate duties and obligations to and of the University as stated in other University policies or in collective agreements between the University and employee groups, including those regarding the University's commitment to academic freedom.
i Univeristy of Guelph Act, 1964; University of Guelph Mission Statement, 1995.
ii Adapted from the University of Chicago Statement on Principles of Free Expression, July 2012.
iii Fostering a Culture of Inclusion at the University of Guelph: An Institutional Imperative, April 2017; University of Guelph Controversial Student Events Protocol, August 2018.
iv University of Guelph Human Rights Policy, June 2016.
v University of Guelph Policy on Non-Academic Misconduct, January 2020.