As an undergraduate, I dithered between English and biology as major subjects of study. It was touch and go as to which degree I would finish, until my last year when I got interested in doing research in behavioural ecology. I completed a PhD in ecology, evolution, and behaviour, under the supervision of Tom Caraco, from the State University of New York at Albany in 1990. My research, at that time, focused on problems in theoretical behavioural ecology and particularly on how animals ought to trade-off avoidance of predation risk against other fitness-enhancing activities. After completing my PhD in the spring of 1990, I moved to the Zoology Department of Oxford University, as a postdoc with John Krebs. At Oxford I worked on large grazing mammals and their interactions with the plant community. Much of this work I did in collaboration with Peter Penning and Tony Parsons at the British BBSRC Institute of Grasslands and Environmental Research. I left Oxford in 1994 to take up a faculty position in the Department of Zoology at Southern Illinois University, in Carbondale Illinois (town motto: "it's not as bleak as it sounds!"). In Illinois, I started working on both biological impacts of climate change, and on the ecological impacts of endophytic fungi, in collaboration with David Gibson. In January 1999, I returned to Oxford as a faculty member in the Zoology Department and as a Fellow of St. Peter's College. I continued my research on endophytic fungi and the biological impacts of climate change. In the autumn of 2004, I moved to the University of Guelph when my partner, Georgia Mason, took up her post as Canada Research Chair in Animal Welfare, in the Department of Animal Sciences. We live in a funky 1960s house with an old cat (20 years!) and two young cats. I am an avid cigar smoker. I love Manhattan cocktails and contemporary art.
2000, Post-Graduate Diploma (with distinction), University of Oxford, Subject area: Learning and Teaching in Higher Education
1999, Master of Arts, University of Oxford, Honorary Degree
1990, Doctor of Philosophy, State University of New York at Albany, Subject area: Ecology, Evolution and Behavior
1985, Bachelor of Arts, State University of New York at Albany, Major: Biology, Minor: English
Research in my lab focuses on three, partially overlapping, research themes: (1) the biology of cool season grass – Epichloë fungal endophyte symbioses; (2) the biological impacts of climatic change; and (3) the ecology of invasive species. We use a blend of traditional experimental field and greenhouse work, molecular tools, and mathematical modeling.
Gibson, G.J. & J.A. Newman (eds.). 2018. Grasslands and Climate Change. British Ecological Society: Ecological Reviews Series. Cambridge University Press. In prep.
Newman, J.A., S. Linquist & G. Varner. 2017. Defending Biodiversity: Environmental Science & Ethics. Cambridge University Press. In press.
Newman, J.A., M. Anand, H.A.L. Henry, S. Hunt & Z. Gedalof. 2011. Climate Change Biology. CAB International, 289 pages.
Recent journal articles
My Postdoc and Graduate student co-authors in bold. My Undergraduate student co-authors are underlined.
Langille, A.B., E.M. Arteca & J.A. Newman. 2017. The impacts of climate change on the abundance and distribution of the spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) in the United States and Canada. PeerJ, 5:e3192 doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3192.
Emiljanowicz, L.M., H.A. Hager & J.A. Newman. 2017. Trait related biological invasion: a comparative analysis of plants and insects. Neobiota, DOI:10.3897/neobiota.32.9664, 32: 31-64.
Berzitis, E.A., H.A. Hager, K.A. Hunter, B.J. Sinclair, R.H. Hallett & J.A. Newman. 2016. Winter warming effects on overwinter survival, energy use, and spring emergence of Cerotoma trifurcata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Agricultural & Forest Entomology. DOI: 10.1111/afe.12196
Allstadt, A., J.A. Newman, J. Walter, G. Korniss, & T. Caraco. 2016. Dispersal limitation and roughening of the ecological interface. Scientific Reports, 6:29908. DOI: 10.1038/srep29908.
Garcia, R.K. & J.A. Newman. 2016. Is it possible to care for ecosystems? Policy paralysis and ecosystem management. Ethics, Policy & Environment, DOI:10.1080/21550085.2016.1204054.
H.A. Hager, Ryan, G.D., H. Kovacs & J.A. Newman. 2016. Effects of elevated CO2 on photosynthetic traits of native and invasive C3 and C4 grasses. BMC Ecology, 16:28. DOI: 10.1186/s12898-016-0082-z.
Langille, A.B, E.M. Arteca, G.D. Ryan, L.M. Emiljanowicz & J.A. Newman. 2016. North American invasion of spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii): a mechanistic model of population dynamics. Ecological Modelling, 336: 70-81.
Ryan, G.D., L.M. Emiljanowicz, F. Wilkinson, M. Kornya, & J.A. Newman. 2016. Thermal tolerances of the spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii. Journal of Economic Entomology. 109 (2): 746-752. DOI: 10.1093/jee/tow006.
Seehra, S., Yurkonis, K.A., & Newman, J.A. 2016. Grassland biodiversity-ecosystem function responds to the spatial scale of species interactions. Journal of Ecology, 104: 479-486.
Walker, M., C Fureix, R. Palme, J.A. Newman, J. Ahloy Dallaire & G. Mason. 2016. Mixed-strain housing for female C57BL/6, DBA/2, and BALB/c mice: validating a split-plot design that promotes refinement and reduction. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16:11.
Hager, H.A., Quinn. L.D., J.N. Barney, T.B. Voigt & J.A. Newman. 2015. Germination and establishment of bioenergy grasses outside cultivation: a multi-region seed addition experiment. Plant Ecology, 216: 1385-1399.
Hager, H.A., Rupert, R., Quinn, L. D., & Newman, J.A. 2015. Escaped Miscanthus sacchariflorus reduces the richness and diversity of vegetation and the soil seed bank. Biological Invasions, 17:1833-1847.
Ryan, G.D., E.V.A. Sylvester, B.J. Shelp & J.A. Newman. 2015. Towards an understanding of how phloem amino acid composition shapes elevated CO2-induced changes in aphid population dynamics. Ecological Entomology, 40:247-257.
Ryan, G.D., S. Rasmussen, A.J. Parsons, & J.A. Newman. 2015. The effects of carbohydrate supply, environment, and host genetic background on Neotyphodium endophyte growth and alkaloid content. Fungal Ecology, 18:115-125.
Shukla, K., Hager, H.A., Yurkonis, K.A., & Newman, J.A. 2015. Effects of the Epichloë fungal endophyte symbiosis with Schedonorus pratensis on host grass invasiveness. Ecology and Evolution, 5:2596-2607.