Ph.D. University of Toronto, 1976
M.A. University of Toronto, 1968
B.A. Carleton University, 1966
University of Guelph, Department of History, 1977 -
Project Historian, Ontario Heritage Foundation
Bishop's University, Assistant Professor
United States Civil War
Black Soldiers in the US Civil War
Early 19th Century Upper Canada
Ottawa Valley, 1800-1865
Recollections of a Civil War Medical Cadet (Kent: Kent State University Press, 1917)
African Canadians in Union Blue: Volunteering for the Cause in America's Civil War (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2014).
* Co-Winner 2015 C. P. Stacey Award, for distinguished books on conflict and society in Canada.
editor, Practicing Medicine in a Black Regiment: The Civil War Diary of Burt G. Wilder, 55th Massachusetts (Amherst and Boston: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010).
Freedom for Themselves: Black North Carolina Soldiers and Their Families in the Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008).
“Black Veterans in Post-Civil War North Carolina,” in Larry M. Loague and Michael Barton, ed., The Civil War Veteran: A Historical Reader (New York: New York University Press, 2007)
“The Fight for Freedom: African American Soldiers in the Civil War,” Contact Sheet for Light Work’s exhibition of the work of William E. William; contact boards for the travelling exhibition – Emily Davis Gallery at the University of Akron, Cantor-Fitzgerald Gallery at Haverford College, the Emerson Gallery at Hamilton College, and the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University, 2007.
“The African American Experience in the Union Army: The Other Civil War,” in Sheila Allen, ed., Making Connections (Heinle & Heinle, 2004).
"U.S.C.T. Veterans in North Carolina,” in Black Soldiers in Blue: African-American Troops in the Civil War Era (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002).
“Government Policy, Prejudice, and the Experience of Families of Black Civil War Soldiers,” Journal of Family History 27, no. 4 (October 2002).
co-authored with Kris Inwood, “Gender and Occupational Identity in a Canadian Census,” Historical Methods 34, no. 2 (Spring 2001).
The Upper Ottawa Valley to 1855 (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1990).