Selected zoonotic pathogens and diseases from Ontario identified at the AHL in 2021
Tanya Rossi, Đurđa Slavić, Davor Ojkic
Animal Health Laboratory, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
AHL Newsletter 2022;26(1):6.
As the current pandemic highlights, emerging, and re-emerging human infectious diseases often originate or persist in animal reservoirs. The AHL plays an important role in surveillance of zoonotic pathogens in many domestic and wild animals by annually reporting case counts (Tables 1, 2).
The percentage of animals identified as positive for leptospirosis was roughly unchanged in 2021 in all species except equines, where there was a moderate decrease in cases. The total number of submissions tested was approximately the same as 2020 in all species. These data do not take into account vaccination status, as many species may have previously been vaccinated for leptospirosis.
The discrepancy between Brucella canis cases between 2020 and 2021 (Table 1) can be explain by a change in tests used (in 2020 only 2ME-RSAT positive cases were included). There was a moderate increase in MRSP, and all Strep spp. included in this report. Equine eastern encephalitis virus cases also increased, although overall numbers remain low. These data are case counts from AHL submissions and subject to laboratory submission biases. Therefore, results may not represent the whole picture of zoonotic diseases in Ontario and should not be used to calculate population prevalence estimates. Monitoring programs are not included. AHL
Table 1. Number of cases with selected zoonotic pathogens isolated and/or identified at the AHL in 2021.
|Ascarids (incl T. canis, T. cati, T. leonina, Baylisascaris sp.)||6||71||18||5||100||93|
|Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease), serology||25||11||36||34|
|Brucella sp. (non-abortus)||131||131||14|
|Campylobacter coli/ jejuni/ fetus subsp. fetus||2||4||3||9||7|
|Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)||9||26||21||56||45|
|Eastern equine encephalitis virus||8||8||4|
|Methicillin-resistant Staph aureus (MRSA)||1||1||2||1||5||6|
|Methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP)||87||2||1||90||62|
|Verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC)||3||3||6||6|
|West Nile virus||3||11||14||27|
Table 2. Leptospira spp. seropositive, IHC-positive, or PCR-positive cases identified at the AHL in 2021.
|Leptospira spp. serovar||Bovine||Swine||Equine||Canine||Other|
|IHC or PCR-positive||0||0||1||7||0|