Overview of the research project
Recent changes in the economic, technological and social organization of work has lead to increasing demands on both organizations and their employees. Employees contribute significantly to the success of the organization, and so, it is important for organizations to enhance their strengths and meet their work-related needs. If an employee has enough resources to deal with their work requirements, she/he can better manage challenges in everyday work.
Since the 1990s, psychology researchers have been investigating the internal and contextual factors that make a person happy or enhance a person's level of happiness. This field of psychological research is called Positive Psychology and it examines factors such as well-being and satisfaction (Seligman, Steen, Park & Peterson, 2005).
Simply maintaining one's level of well-being and satisfaction is not always sufficient. It is important to also increase well-being and satisfaction in order to enhance one's overall quality of life. Previous research has already shown that well-being can be improved by focusing on positive experiences in everyday life, and contributes to emotional and interpersonal gains. For example, Avey, Luthans, Smith and Palmer (2010) carried out a study with employees and found out that a positive view of the world (optimism) is positively related to well-being. Furthermore, Seligman, Steen, Park and Peterson (2005) verified that their participants' well-being could sustainably be increased using small "Happiness-Exercises".
Research Question and Aim
So far, there is little empirical evidence demonstrating that simple reflection exercises enhance well-being at work. Therefore, this research project aims to answer the following question: Can well-being, work-life balance and satisfaction be increased by the daily use of simple "Happiness-Exercises" in the workplace?
The aim of this project is to examine the influence of Positive Psychology interventions on individuals' reactions such as well-being and satisfaction. Therefore, concepts of Positive Psychology are adapted to the work context for the first time.