Ph.D. University of Ottawa, 2003
M.A. University of Ottawa, 1999
B.A. University of Toronto, 1998
Professor, Department of History, University of Guelph, 2017-Present
Co-editor, Canadian Historical Review, 2018-2021
Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Guelph, 2010-2017
Assistant Professor, Department of History, University of Guelph, 2007-2010
WP Bell Postdoctoral Fellow, Centre for Canadian Studies, Mount Allison University, 2005-2007
SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow & Adjunct Assistant Professor, History, Concordia University, 2003-2005
Canadian Political History
Canada Day/Dominion Day celebrations
Nationalism and identity politics
Federalism and intergovernmental relations
Current Research Projects:
1) Joe Clark: A Political Biography. A political biography of the Right Honourable Joe Clark, who served as Prime Minister of Canada, Leader of the Opposition, External Affairs Minister, and Constitutional Affairs Minister, in addition to playing a number of other important roles within and beyond the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. Funded by a SSHRC Insight Grant.
2) Canadian Children's Media. This project explores the development of media aimed at Canadian children since the 1970s. The first article from this project, analyzing the development of the Canadian version of Sesame Street in the 1970s and how this was shaped by cultural protectionist policies and a desire to shape the identities of young Canadians, appeared in the Journal of the Canadian Historical Association in 2017.
Areas of research for graduate supervision:
Canadian political history
Quebec and French Canada
Commemorations and celebrations
Courses taught in 2021-22
On research leave in Fall 2021
HIST*2600 Post-Confederation Canada (W22)
HIST*3180 Canada since 1945 (W22)
co-edited with Raymond B. Blake, Celebrating Canada. Volume 2: Commemorations, Anniversaries and National Symbols (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018)
co-edited with Raymond B. Blake, Celebrating Canada. Volume 1: Holidays, National Days and the Crafting of Identities (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016)
So They Want Us To Learn French: Promoting and Opposing Bilingualism in English-speaking Canada (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2015)
co-edited with Michael D. Behiels, Contemporary Quebec: Selected Readings and Commentaries (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011)
Mobilizations, Protests and Engagements: Canadian Perspectives on Social Movements, co-edited with Marie Hammond-Callaghan (Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, 2008)
Bilingual Today, United Tomorrow: Official Languages in Education and Canadian Federalism. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.
articles & book chapters
"Brought to You By the Letters C, R, T, and C: Sesame Street and Canadian Nationalism." Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 27, 1 (2016): 95-137.
“Canada's Bilingual Education Revolution: The B&B Commission and Official Languages in Education.” Canadian Issues / Thèmes Canadiennes (Fall 2013): 29-33.
“La révolution de l'éducation bilingue au Canada: la Commission B&B et les langues officielles en enseignement.” Thèmes Canadiennes / Canadian Issues (automne 2013): 30-34.
“Reconciling the Two Solitudes? Language Rights and the Constitutional Question from the Quiet Revolution to the Victoria Charter.” In Debating Dissent: Canada in the 1960s, ed. Gregory Kealey, Lara Campbell and Dominique Clément, 230-246. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012.
“Finessing Federalism: The Development of Institutional and Popular Support for Official Languages.” in Life After Forty: Official Languages Policy in Canada / Après quarante ans : les politiques de langue officielle au Canada, ed. Jack Jedwab and Rodrigue Landry, 131-153. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011.
“Bilingualism versus Unilingualism: Federal and Provincial Language Education Policies in Quebec, 1960-1985,” in Contemporary Quebec: Selected Readings and Commentaries, edited by Michael Behiels and Matthew Hayday (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011), 418-446.
“Fireworks, Folk-dancing, and Fostering a National Identity: The Politics of Canada Day,” Canadian Historical Review 91, no. 2 (June 2010): 287-314.
“Variety Show as National Identity: CBC Television and Dominion Day Celebrations, 1958-1980,” in Communicating in Canada's Past: Approaches to the History of Print and Broadcast Media, edited by Gene Allen and Daniel Robinson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009), 168-193.
“From Repression to Renaissance: French-language rights in Canada before the Charter,” in‘True North Strong and Free’? A History of Human Rights in Canada, edited by Janet Miron (Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2009), 182-200.
“La francophonie canadienne, le bilinguisme et l’identité canadienne dans les célébrations de la fête du Canada.” In Entre lieux et mémoire: L’inscription de la francophonie canadienne dans la durée, edited by Anne Gilbert, Michel Bock, and Joseph-Yvon Thériault (Ottawa: Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa, 2009).
“L’expertise au service de la cause: La mobilisation de l'expertise pédagogique pour les communautés francophones minoritaires, 1960-1985.” In Légiférer en Matière Linguistique: Pour qui? Pourquoi? Comment?, edited by Marcel Martel and Martin Pâquet (Québec: Presses de l’Université Laval, 2008), 295-316.
“Mad at Hatfield's Tea Party: Federalism and the Fight for French Immersion in Sackville, New Brunswick, 1973-1982.” In Mobilizations, Protests and Engagements: Canadian Perspectives on Social Movements, edited by Marie Hammond-Callaghan and Matthew Hayday (Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, 2008), 145-163.
“The Canadian Government and the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism: A New Direction for Official Languages in Education,” Canadian Issues (June 2003): 16-18.
“Worlds Apart in Acadie: Official Languages Programs in Education in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, 1968-1984,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 13 (2002): 238-257.
“Pas de Problème: The Development of French-Language Health Services in Ontario, 1968-86.” Ontario History 94, no. 2 (Autumn 2002): 183-200.
“Confusing and Conflicting Agendas: Federalism, Official Languages and the Development of the Bilingualism in Education Program in Ontario, 1970-1983,” Journal of Canadian Studies 36, no. 1 (June 2001): 55-79.
"Elements of Distinctiveness: The French Fact and English-speaking Canada’s identity politics since the Second World War." July 2018, Language and Identity in Francophone Canada, Centre for Quebec and French Canadian Studies, King's College London, London, UK.
"A 'Community of Communities': Joe Clark, Canadian Identities, and the Constitutional Conversation." October 2017, 150 Ideas that Shaped Canada Conference, York University, Toronto, Canada.
"Roundtable: Confederation in Canadian History." June 2016, Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
"Brought to you by the letters C, R, T and C: CanCon Regulations, Nationalism, and the Origins of Canadian Sesame Street." May 2016, Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
"Social Movements and the Politics of Individual Bilingualism in Canada: A Historical Perspective." April 2016, British Association of Canadian Studies, London, United Kingdom.
"Menace ou opportunité ? Le bilinguisme individuel et les mouvements sociaux au Canada anglais."; Colloque annuel du CRCCF, March 2016, Université d'Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
"Roundtable: Publishing Historical Research in an Era of Increasing Interdisciplinarity: Reflections and Advice from Journal Editors." May 2015, Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
"The Canadian Experience of Promoting Bilingualism and Linguistic Duality: The State, Civil Society, the Private Sector and the Commissioner of Official Languages."; International Association of Language Commissioners Conference, 20 May 2015, Ottawa, Canada.
“Canadian Parents for French: A state-funded social movement.”< at the Colloque « Mobilisations politiques et prises de parole citoyenne au Québec et au Canada », 2-4 October 2014, Université du Québec à Montéal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
“Fighting Trudeau’s ‘Master Plan’: Anti-bilingualism activism in English Canada” at the Canadian Historical Association Annual Conference, 26-28 May 2014, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
“Canada’s July 1st Celebrations: Inventing a Tradition, Defining a Culture” at the British Association of Canadian Studies Annual Conference, 24-26 April 2014, London, United Kingdom.
“Promoting Bilingualism in Canada’s anglophone-majority provinces: Social movement activism and the challenge of local governance” at “Language Policies in Multilingual Democracies: Can the Conflict be Avoided?”, 12-13 December 2013, Universidad Pablo de Olivade, Seville, Spain.
“Teaching Political Histories” at the Canadian Historical Association Annual Conference, 3-5 June 2013, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
“Constraining Conflict: Canada’s Official Languages Policies and the Reactions of the English-speaking Majority” at “Language Rights, Inclusion and the Prevention of Ethnic Conflict, 13th Biennial Conference of the International Academy of Linguistic Law, 13-16 December 2012, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
“Antagonists and Advocates: Social Movement Activism and FSL Programming in Canada in the 1970s and 1980s” at the Multidisciplinary Approaches to Language Planning and Policy Conference, 6-8 September 2012, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
“Playing Games with the Language Czar: The Peculiar Political Role of the Commissioner of Official Languages” at the Canadian Historical Association Annual Conference, 29-31 May 2012, University of Waterloo/Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
“La légitimité du projet francophone : un regard diachronique » Roundtable presentation at Colloque 666 – « Francophonie, légitimité et devenir » organisé par l’Association des universités de la francophonie canadienne at the Congrès de l’Acfas – Association francophone pour le savoir, 8-9 May 2012, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
“The Mothers Mobilize: The Political Battles of French Immersion Advocates” at Transformation: State, Nation, and Citizenship in a New Environment, 13-15 October 2011, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
“Langue et société : débattre du rôle de l’acteur et des institutions dans le développement des politiques linguistiques” Roundtable at the Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique française, 21-23 October 2010, Université d’Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
“Political History: New Developments and Solid Foundations – A Round Table” at the Canadian Historical Association Annual Conference, 30 May-1 June 2010, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
“Celebrating Canada: The Politics, the Policies and the Parties” at the Canadian Historical Association Annual Conference, 25-27 May 2009, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
“Why aren’t we forcing the English or French tongue down their throats? 40 years of the Official Languages Act” at Association for Canadian Studies – Fourth Annual Symposium on Official Language Minorities in Canada, 12-13 March 2009, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
“Language Policy in Canadian Federalism: Variations on a Theme of Institutional Bilingualism” at The State in Transition: Challenges for Canadian Federalism, 24-25 October 2008, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
“Why study language policy?/Pourquoi étudier les politiques linguistiques?” at Bilingualism in a Plurilingual Canada : Research and Implications, Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute, 19-20 June 2008, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
“‘Pour que nos enfants apprennent le français’: Le combat de Canadian Parents for French pour l'immersion française au Nouveau-Brunswick” at the Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique française, 18-20 October 2007, Collège militaire royal du Canada, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Connection Grant, 2020-22
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Insight Grant, 2017-22
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Connection Grant, 2014-15
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Standard Research Grant, 2008-11