Lana Trick

Area: 
Neuroscience & Applied Cognitive Science
Email: 
ltrick@uoguelph.ca
Phone: 
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53518
Office/Building: 
New MacKinnon Building
Room: 
4003

Accepting Graduate Students: 
Yes
Accepting New Experiential Learning Students: 
Yes

My research centres on the study of attention and working memory and how attention and memory operations change as individuals progress from childhood to old age. I do basic research on attention but I also do applied research on driving and collision risk using a driving simulator.

Visual Attention lab

VMI 204 lab
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53474

DRIVE lab (University of Guelph Driving Simulator lab)
1311 Thornborough Building
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53474

Education

Post-Doc Fellowship: 

Academic Institution: 

University of British Columbia

Year: 1990

Degree & Discipline: PsychologyPhD:

Academic Institution: University of Western Ontario

Year: 1989

Degree & Discipline: Psychology

Master's: 

Academic Institution: 

University of Western Ontario

Year: 1983

Degree & Discipline: Psychology

Research

Basic Research: My basic research centers around item individuation, unit formation and grouping. Specific topics include:

  • temporal and spatial enumeration, including numerical capacity in the blind field in individuals with cortical blindness (blindsight) 
  • multiple object tracking 
  • reading and counting disorders in children and adults;
  • visual and attentional factors that affect performance in day to day tasks;
  • factors in reasoning about uncertain situations (the Gambler's fallacy).

Applied Research: I have a driving simulator and I study how driving performance varies as a function of individual differences and situational factors. The simulator involves an full car body surrounded by viewing screens that immerse drivers in a wrap-around virtual reality. This allows drivers to experience all the sights, sounds, and feelings of driving without experiencing the risk. I have used the simulator to test this to test drivers of a variety of ages and those at risk due to factors such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. With the collaboration of researchers from Computing and Information Science and Engineering and Human Biology and Nutrition, I am using this simulator in order to investigate the following issues:

  • age and experience related changes in crash risk;
  • the impact of distraction on driving, including the effects of social distraction and the effect of new technologies (cell phones, in-vehicle navigation systems, collision avoidance systems, multimedia devices, etc.);
  • evaluation of road and highway design and signage as it affect driving performance (e.g. roundabouts);
  • simulator adaptation syndrome;
  • galvanic vestibular stimulation and galvanic cutaneous stimulation as it relates to sensory-motor integration in simulators;
  • change blindness;
  • useful field of view;
  • the attentional blink;
  • the impact of emotions on hazard detection and driving performance

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Dienes, N. , & Trick, L.M. (submitted 2017). Enumerating illusory contour figures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

Lochner, M. , & Trick, L.M. (2014). Multiple-object tracking while driving: The multiple-vehicle tracing task. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76, 2326-2345.

Brodeur, D.A., Trick, L.M., Flores, H., Marr, C., & Burack, J.A. (2013). Multiple-object tracking among individuals with Down syndrome and typically developing children. Development & Psychopathology25, 545-553.

Trick, L.M., Brandigampola, S., & Enns, J.T. (2012). How fleeting emotions affect hazard perception and steering while driving: The impact of image arousal and valence. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 45, 222-229.

Trick, L.M., Mutreja, R., & Hunt, K. (2012). Spatial and visuo-spatial working memory tests predict performance in classic multiple-object tracking in young adults but non-spatial measures of the executive do not. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 74, 300-311

Mueller, A., & Trick, L.M. (2012). Driving in fog: The effects of driving experience and visibility on speed compensation and hazard avoidance. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 48, 472-479.

Trick, L.M., Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2010). The effects of visibility conditions, traffic density, and navigational challenge on speed compensation and driving performance in drivers of difference ages. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42(6), 1661-1671.

Roney, C.J.R., & Trick, L.M. (2009). Sympathetic magic and perceptions of randomness: The hot hand versus the gambler’s fallacy. Thinking and Reasoning, 15(2), 197-210.

Trick, L.M. (2008). More than superstition: Differential effects of featural heterogeneity and change on subitizing and counting. Perception and Psychophysics, 70(5), 743-760.

Reed-Jones, R.J., Vallis, L.A., Reed-Jones, J.G., Trick, L.M. (2008). The relationship between postural stability and virtual environment adaptation. Neuroscience Letters, 435(3), 204-209.

Reed-Jones, J.G., Trick, L.M., & Matthews, M. (2008). Testing assumptions implicit in the use of the 15-second rule as an early predictor of whether an in-vehicle device produces unacceptable distraction. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(2), 628-634.

Dickey, J.P, Oliver, M.L., Boileau, P., Eger, T.R., Trick, L.M., & Edwards, A. M. (2007). Multi-axis sinusoidal whole-body vibrations: Part I – How long should the vibration and rest exposures be for reliable measures? Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration, and Active Control, 175-184.

Dickey, J.P , Eger, T.R., Oliver, M., Boileau, P., Trick, L.M., & Edwards, A.M. (2007). Multi-axis sinusoidal whole-body vibrations: Part II - Relationship between Vibration Total Value and discomfort varies between vibration axes. Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration, and Active Control, 26(3), 195-204.

Trick, L.M., Guindon, J., & Vallis, L. (2006). Sequential tapping interferes selectively with multiple-object tracking: Do finger-tapping and tracking share a common resource?. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59(7), 1188-1195.

Trick, L.M. (2005). The role of working memory in spatial enumeration: Patterns of selective interference in subitizing and counting. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12(4), 675-681.

Trick, L.M., Jaspers-Fayer, F., & Sethi, N. (2005). Multiple-object tracking in children: The "Catch the Spies" task. Cognitive Development, 20(3), 373-387.

Trick, L.M., Perl, T., & Sethi, N. (2005). Age-related differences in multiple-object tracking. Journal of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 60B(2), 102-105.

Trick, L.M., Enns, J.T., Mills, J., & Vavrik, J. (2004). Paying attention behind the wheel: A framework for studying the role of selective attention in driving. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomic Science, 5(5), 385-424.

Trick, L.M., Audet, D., & Dales, L. (2003). Age differences in enumerating things that move: Implications for the development of multiple-object tracking. Memory and Cognition, 31(8), 1229-1237.

Roney, C.J.R., & Trick, L.M. (2003). Grouping and gambling: A Gestalt approach to the Gambler's Fallacy. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57(2), 69-75.

Trick, L.M., & Enns, J.T. (1998). Life-span changes in attention: The visual search task. Cognitive Development, 13(3), 369-386

Trick, L.M., & Enns, J.T. (1997). Clusters precede shapes in perceptual organization. Psychological Science, 8(2), 124-129.

Trick, L.M., & Enns, J.T. (1997). Measuring preattentive processes: When is pop out not enough? Visual Cognition, 4(2), 163-198.

Trick, L.M., Enns, J.T., & Brodeur, D.A. (1996). Life-span changes in visual enumeration: The number discrimination task. Developmental Psychology, 32(5), 925-932.

Article selected by Brown and Benchmark Publishers (part of the Dushkin Publishing Group) to be part of the ELITE (Extended Library Individualized to Education) program.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1994). Why are small and large numbers enumerated differently? A limited capacity preattentive stage in vision. Psychological Review, 101 (1), 80-102.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1994). Cueing and counting: Does the position of the attentional focus affect enumeration? Visual Cognition, 1(1), 67-100.

Pylyshyn, Z., Burkell, J., Fisher, B., Sears, C., Schmidt, W., & Trick, L. (1994). Multiple parallel access in visual attention. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48(2), 260-283.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z.W., (1993). What enumeration studies can show us about spatial attention: Evidence for limited capacity preattentive processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19(2),  331-351.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1990). Subitizing, counting and FINSTs. Western Journal of Graduate Research, 2(1), 50-58.

Trick, L., & Katz, A. (1989). The Domain Interaction approach to metaphor processing: Relating individual differences and metaphor characteristics. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 1(3), 185-213.

 
Edited Books

Dedrick, D., & Trick, L.M. (2009) Computation, Cognition, and Pylyshyn. Don Dedrick and Lana Trick (Eds). Cambridge, Mass: MIT press. 

Book Chapters

Trick, L.M & Caird, J.K. (2011). Methodological challenges in conducting research on older drivers. In D. Fisher, M. Rizzo, J. Caird, and J. Lee (Editors). Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology (pp. 355-366).

Trick, L., Hollinsworth, H., & Brodeur, D. (2009). Multiple-object tracking across the lifespan: Do different factors contribute to diminished performance in different age groups? In Don Dedrick and Lana Trick (Eds). Computation, Cognition, and Pylyshyn. MIT press.

Trick, L. M., & Enns, J.T. (2009). A two-dimensional framework for understanding the role of attentional selection in driving. In Candida Castro (Ed.) Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving. (pp. 63- 73). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.

Enns, J.T., & Trick, L.M. (2006). A framework for studying age-related change and individual variation in selective attention. In Ellen Bialystok and Fergus Craik (Eds.) Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of change. (pp. 43-56) Oxford University Press.

Enns, J.T., Brodeur, D.A., & Trick, L.M. (1998). Selective attention over the lifespan: Behavioral measures. In J. Richards (ed.) Cognitive neuroscience of attention: A developmental perspective. (pp. 393-418). Manwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Brodeur, D.A., Trick, L.M., & Enns, J.T. (1997). Selective attention. In J. Burack and J. Enns (eds.). Attention, development, and psychopathology. (pp. 74-94.). NY, USA: Guildford Press.

Trick, L.M. (1992). A theory of enumeration that grows out of a general theory of vision: Subitizing, counting, and FINSTs. In Jamie Campbell (ed.) Nature and Origin of Mathematical Skills, Elsevier Press.

 

Abstracts

Trick, L.M, Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2010). Age and guile vs. youthful exuberance: Sensory and attentional challenges as they affect performance in older and younger drivers. [Abstract]. Journal of Vision , 10(7): 488; doi:10.1167/10.7.488,
Reed Jones, J.G. , Dedrick, D., & Trick, L.M. (2010). Enumeration and blindsight: A case study. [Abstract] Journal of Vision ,10(7): 898; doi:10.1167/10.7.898

Reed-Jones, R.J. ,Vallis, L.A., Reed-Jones, J.G , & Trick,L.M. (2008). Top-down influence on a visually-evoked locomotor steering response. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders , 14 (Supplement 1): S36 [Abstract].
Vallis was primary supervisor of RJ Reed-Jones and Trick supervised JG Reed-Jones contribution.

Trick, L., & Orr, L. (2006). The role of object properties in item individuation: The effects of item heterogeneity and change. [Abstract] Journal of Vision , 6(6), 776a. Abstract 776.

 

Articles, Posters, and Presentations at Refereed Conferences

2014 Conferences

Toxopeus, R., & Trick, L.M. (2014) A look at driver and passenger gender effects in young drivers Poster at 24th annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Ryerson University. Toronto, Ontario.

Dienes, N., & Trick, L.M. (2014) Is search for Kanizsa illusory contours always inefficient? Poster at 24th annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Ryerson University. Toronto, Ontario.

Trick, L.M., & Reed-Jones J.G., (2014) Item-individuation as measured by quantification and tracking performance in the blind field of an individual with cortical blindness. Poster at 24th annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Ryerson University. Toronto, Ontario.

Dienes, N., & Trick, L.M. (2014) Enumeration of illusory contour figures II: Kanisza figures. Poster at Banff Annual Cognitive Science Seminar Banff, Alberta.

Dienes, N., & Trick, L.M. (2014) Tracking illusory contour figures Poster at Vision Sciences Society St. Pete's Beach, Florida.

Flores, H., Brodeur, D., Trick, L.M., & Burack J.A. (2014) Catch the spies: Multiple-object tracking in low-functioning children with Autism Spectrum Disorder International Meeting for Autism Research (IMFAR) Atlanta, Georgia.

2013 Conferences

Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (2013). How missing a treatment of Mixed Amphetamine Salts Extended Release affects performance in teen drivers with ADHD. Paper at 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. June 17-20, 2013. Bolton, NY.

Ramkhalawansingh, R., Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L.M. (2013) Rewarding safe driving: An intervention against driver tailgating. Poster at 23rd annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science University of Calgary. Calgary, Alberta.

Cortens, B.P., Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L.M. (2013) Does size matter? The effect of touch-screen key size on driving. Poster at 23rd annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science University of Calgary. Calgary, Alberta.

Mueller, A. , & Trick, L.M. (2013). Effect of driving experience on change detection based on target relevance and size. Poster at the 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. June 17-20, 2013.
Bolton, NY. Winner of the Honda Outstanding Student Paper award.

Toxopeus, R., Ramkhalawansingh, R. , & Trick, L.M. (2013). The influence of passengers on driving in young drivers with varying levels of experience. Hybrid Poster/Paper 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. June 17-20, 2013. Bolton, NY.

Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Trick, L.M. (2013) Multiple-object tracking in various fields of view. Poster at Vision Sciences Society Naples, Florida.

Dienes, N. , & Trick, L.M. (2013) Enumeration of illusory contour figures. Poster at Vision Sciences Society Naples, Florida.

Trick, L.M., Toxopeus, R., Jain, U., & Saliba, K. (2013) Effects of Multi-Layer Release Methylphenidate on driving in individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as a function of driver age. Poster at Vision Sciences Society Naples, Florida.

2012 Conferences

Mueller, A., & Trick, L.M. (2012) Effects of vantage point on information selection strategies in driving scenes. Poster at 22rd annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Kingston, Ontario.

Ramkhalawansingh , R., Trick, L.M., & Nonnecke, B. (2012) Rewarding Safe Driving: Encouraging Safer Headways with an In-Vehicle Display. Poster at 22rd annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Kingston, Ontario.

Subasi, E., & Trick, L.M. (2012) Sensory, attentional, and working memory challenge as they affect driving performance and speed compensation in novice drivers. Poster at 22rd annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Kingston, Ontario.

Famewo , J., ,Trick, L.M., & Nonnecke, B. (2012) How does driving experience affect allocation of attention in complex intersections? Paper published in the proceedings of Vision in Vehicles XI 
Conference was in 2006 but Proceedings were delayed till 2012.

2011 Conferences

Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Trick, L.M. (2011) Judging relative numerosity without seeing: A blindsight study. Poster at Society for Neuroscience Washington, D.C.

Toxopeus, R., Ramkhalawansingh , R. , & Trick, L.M. (2011) The influence of passenger-driver interaction on teenage drivers. Proceedings for 6th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design Lake Tahoe, California.

Lochner, M. , & Trick, L.M. (2011). Attentional tracking of multiple vehicles in a highway driving scenario. Proceedings for 6th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Lake Tahoe, California.

Jain, U., Trick, L.M., Turgay, A., Saliba, K., & Donnelly, G. 2011 Driving risk in adult ADHD patients. Poster presented at 3rd International Conference on ADHD Berlin, Germany.

Brodeur, D.A., Trick, L.M., Flores, H., Marr, C., & Burack, J. 2011 Multiple-object tracking in individuals with Down syndrome. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) Montreal, Quebec.

2010 Conferences

Mueller, A. , & Trick, L.M. (2010) Detection of changes in driving environments: Effects of task relevance and size. Poster at 20th annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Reed-Jones J.G. , Dedrick, D., & Trick, L.M. (2010) Blindsight and enumeration: A case study Poster at Vision Sciences Society Naples, Florida.

Trick, L.M., Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2010) Age and guile vs. youthful exuberance: Sensory and attentional challenges as they affect performance in older and younger drivers. Poster at Vision Sciences Society Naples, Florida.

2009 Conferences

Jackiewicz , G.B., & Trick, L.M. (2009) The effects of Mixed Amphetamine Salts on driving in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Poster at Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Toronto, Ontario.

Jackiewicz , G.B., & Trick, L.M. (2009) The effects of Mixed Amphetamine Salts on driving in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Poster at ESCAP International Conference Budapest, Hungary.

Trick, L.M., Lochner, M. , Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2009). Manipulating drive characteristics to study the effect of mental load on older and younger drivers. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Big Sky, Montana: June, 2009.

Reed-Jones, J.G., Reed-Jones, R.J. , Trick, L.M., & Vallis, L.A. (2009). Comparing techniques to reduce simulator adaptation syndrome and improve naturalistic behaviour during simulated driving. Proceedings for the 5th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Big Sky, Montana, USA: June, 2009.

Jackiewicz , G.B., Trick, L.M., Wilson, D., Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Le Moine, D. (2009) The effects of Mixed Amphetamine Salts on driving in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Poster at 2nd International Conference on ADHD Vienna, Austria.

2008 Conferences

Wang, X. , Matsakis, P., Trick, L., Nonnecke, B., & Veltmann, M. (June 23-24, 2008). A study on how humans describe relative positions of image objects. Spatial Data Handling L SDG- SAGEO 2008 conference, Montpelier, France.

2007 Conferences

Reed-Jones R.J. , Vallis, L. A., Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Trick, L.M. (November 2007). Visual contributions to postural control following virtual environment exposure. Proceedings of the Society for Neuroscience , San Diego, California, USA:

Reed-Jones R.J. , Vallis, L. A., Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Trick, L.M. (July 2007). Can galvanic vestibular simulation reduce simulator adaptation syndrome? Published in proceedings for 4th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Skamania Lodge Stevenson, Washington USA.
Winner of the Honda Outstanding Student Paper Award.

Reed-Jones R.J. , Vallis, L. A., Reed-Jones, J.G. , & Trick, L.M. (2007). Postural instability following immersion in a virtual environment driving simulator. Published in proceedings for Ontario Biomechanics Conference

Mutreja R , & Trick, L.M. (2007). Verbal, Visuospatial and Executive Working Memory in Multiple Object Tracking Poster presented at American Psychological Association San Francisco, California.

Desroches, P., Varden, A. , Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L. (April 16-19 2007). Validating driving simulators: Do simulators and circuit tracks yield similar results for moose-related research? Poster presented to SAE World Congress and Exhibition , SAE technical paper 07B-507 Booth B3a. Detroit, Michigan

Desroches, P., Varden, A. , Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L. (2007). Using simulators to expand moose perception data: Some results and validity issues. Poster presented to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) World Congress and Exhibition Detroit, Michigan.

Reed-Jones, J. , Trick, L., & Matthews, M. (January 22 2007). Acceptable distraction? Evaluating the effects of in-vehicle technologies on driving. Conference proceedings for the annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board , Washington, DC.

2006 Conferences

Famewo, J. , Trick, L.M., & Nonnecke, B. (2006). How does driving experience affect allocation of attention in complex signaled intersections? Published in conference proceedings by Vision in Vehicles Dublin, Ireland.

Trick, L.M., & Orr, E. 2006 The role of object properties in item individuation: The effects of item heterogeneity and change. Poster presented at Vision Sciences Society Sarasota, Florida.

Desroches, P. , Trick, L. & Nonnecke, B. (2006). The impact of navigation systems on the perception time of young and older drivers. SAE (Society of Automotive Enginners) Proceedings. Detroit, Michigan.

Desroches, P. , Trick, L. & Nonnecke, B. (2006). The impact of navigation systems on the perception time of young and older drivers. Poster presented at SAE (Society of Automotive Enginners). Detroit, Michigan.

2005 Conferences

Ojala, J. , & Trick, L.M. (2005). The effects of verbal and spatial secondary tasks on spatial enumeration. Poster presented at Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Montreal, Quebec.

Famewo, J. , & Trick, L.M. (2005). Why does manual tapping interfere with visual-spatial enumeration: The impact of response modality. Poster presented at Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Montreal, Quebec.

Hollinsworth, H. , & Trick, L.M. (2005). Age-related differences in multiple-object tracking: Can differences in working memory account for the improvement in performance? Poster presented at Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Montreal, Quebec.

Desroches, P. , Trick, L.M., Nonnecke, B., & Vallis L.A. (2005). The influence of travel navigation systems on perception time. Poster presented at Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Montreal, Quebec.

2004 Conferences

Noel, E. , Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L.M (2004). A comprehensive learnability evaluation method for in-car navigation devices. Copyright SAE International (05AE-127). Detroit, Michigan. 

Trick, L.M. (2004). Age differences in multiple-object tracking. Paper presented Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science St. Johns, Newfoundland.

Roney, C., & Trick, L.M. (2004). Grouping and heuristic processes in the Gambler's Fallacy and Hot Hand. Paper presented Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference St. Johns, Newfoundland.

2003 Conferences

Trick, L.M., & Enns, J. (2003). Driving and selective attention: A conceptual framework for understanding the role of selective attention in vehicle crashes Paper presented at Vision in Vehicles Granada, Spain.

Trick, L.M., & Perl, T. (2003). Age-related changes in the effect of response uncertainty. Poster presented Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Hamilton, Ontario.

Trick, L.M. (2003). Patterns of selective interference for a visual and manual task Paper presented International Multi-sensory Research Forum Hamilton, Ontario.

2002 Conferences

Trick, L.M., Dales, L., & Audet, D. (2002). Enumerating items as they move: Item individuation and tracking. Poster presented Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour and Cognitive Science Victoria, British Columbia.

1991 Conferences

Trick, L.M. (1991). Preattentive and attentive processes in enumeration: Colour versus Brightness Contrast Poster presented Psychonomics Society San Francisco, California.

1990 Conferences

Trick, L.M. (1990). Preattentive and attentive processes in enumeration: Occasions when conjunctions are subitized Poster presented Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference Ottawa, Ontario.

1989 Conferences

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z. (1989). Subitizing and the FINST spatial index model Paper presented Psychonomics Society  Atlanta, Georgia.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z. (1989). Preattentive indexing and visual counting: FINSTs and the enumeration of concentric items. Paper presented Cognitive Science Society Ann Arbour, Michigan.

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z. (1989). Preattentive item indexing and subitizing. Poster presented Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference Halifax, Nova Scotia.

1988 Conferences

Trick, L.M., & Pylyshyn, Z. (1988). Spatial attention and subitizing: An investigation of the FINST hypothesis Poster presented Cognitive Science Society Montreal, Quebec.

Trick, L.M. (1988). Spatial attention and counting. Paper presented Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference Montreal, Quebec.

1987 Conferences

Trick, L.M. (1987). Subitizing and counting: The effect of item configuration Poster presented Canadian Psychological Association Annual Conference Vancouver, British Columbia.

 

Articles, Posters and Presentations at Non-Refereed Conferences

Ptok, M., & Trick, L.M. (2014) Do young drivers with a history of both alcohol and cannabis use drive differently than those who only use alcohol in terms of their response to distraction? Poster presented at Auto21 Annual Scientific Conferenece Niagara Falls, Ontario.

Ptok, M., & Trick, L.M. (2013) Young drivers with a history of alcohol use as compared to those with a hsitory of both cannabis and alcohol use as it affects driving performance. Poster presented at Ontario Undergraduate NeuroXchange Conference Hamilton, Ontario.

Ptok, M., & Trick, L.M. (2013) Do differences in risk taking explalin discrepancies in performance between drivers with and without past history of cannabis use (where both groups use alcohol)? Poster presented at Southern Ontario Neuroscience Association Waterloo, Ontario.
Winner of the SONA best undergradate poster award (May 13, 2013).

Trick, L.M. (2011) Managing collision risk in vulnerable populations - Drivers with ADHD Paper presented at Auto21 Annual Scientific Conferenece Ottawa, Ontario.

Mueller, A., & Trick, L.M. (2011) Effects of visibility and driving experience on driving performance. Poster presented at Southern Ontario Neuroscience Association Guelph, Ontario.

Johnston/Gauthier, K., & Trick, L.M. (2011) Selecting music for the getaway car: Examining the effects of music on driving. Poster presented at Ontario Undergraduate NeuroXchange Conference Hamilton, Ontario.

Erasmus , A., & Trick, L.M. (2011) The effects of vocal and instrumental music on anxious drivers. Poster presented at Ontario Undergraduate NeuroXchange Conference Hamilton, Ontario.

Reed-Jones R.J. , Vallis, L.A., Reed-Jones J.G., , & Trick, L.M. (February 2007). Postural instability following immersion in a virtual environment driving simulator. Paper Published Proceedings of the Ontario Biomechanics Conference Barrie, Ontario.
Winner of the Canadian Biomechanics Society “Best Biomechanics Paper” Award - Collaborative Work.

Erasmus , A., Trick, L.M., Wilson, D., & Famewo, J. (2006) Scenarios to test aspects of performance in the older driver. Paper presented at Ateliers Workshops. Montreal, Quebec.

Reed-Jones, J.G., Trick, L.M., Matthews, M., & Nonnecke, B. (2006) In-vehicle technologies and driving. Poster presented at Auto21 Annual Scientific Conferenece Barrie, Ontario.

Trick, L.M. (2003) Paying attention behind the wheel. Paper presented at Psychology Department at McMaster University  Hamilton, Ontario.

Trick, L.M. (2002) Item individuation: Maintaining an item's identity through changes. Paper presented at Psychology Department at University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario.

Trick, L.M., & Enns J.T. (1999) Clusters precede shapes in perceptual grouping Paper presented at Cognitive Science Society Vancouver, British Columbia.

Trick, L.M. (1992) Enumeration and Item Individuation: Evidence of Limited Capacity Preattentive Processes Paper presented at In Design and Human Interface Proceedings: IRIS PROJECT B4 Vancouver, British Columbia.

Trick, L.M. (1991) What enumeration can tell us about the preattentive processing of scene based properties: Direction of lighting. Poster presented at Recent Advances in the Analysis of Attention Davis, California.

Trick, L.M. (1990) You too can count like the Rainman......(as long as there are only up to 4). Paper presented at Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia.

Trick, L.M. (1989) Subitizing, counting and visual routines Poster presented at Information and Technology Research Council Meeting Toronto, Ontario.

Trick, L.M. (1989) Parallel and serial processing in visual analysis Poster presented at Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Graduate student conference London, Ontario.

Trick, L.M. (1987) Three studies about subitizing and counting Poster presented at Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Graduate student conference Toronto, Ontario.

 

Technical Reports

Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (2013). Pedestrian Crosswalk Study: Laboratory Report on Part I (driving simulation data) and Part II (eye tracking data) This was a 120 page technical report for the Ottawa Traffic Council.

Smiley, A., Smahel, T., Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (Nov 12, 2010). Highway 406 Roundabout positive guidance analysis. (Research contract for Delphi MRC produced for the Ontario Ministry of Transport). Toxopeus and Trick ran the study, did the data analysis and helped write the report.

I normally teach Statistics, Sensation and Perception, Human Cognition and Memory, Research Methods, and Applied Cognitive Science. In addition, I supervise students with some background in sensation and perception for honours thesis projects, practicum and special projects. 

I am on research leave in Fall 2017. In Winter 2018 I will be teaching the following: 
PSYC *1010: Quatification in Psychology
PSYC *2390: Sensation and Perception