Lana Trick

Area: 
Neuroscience & Applied Cognitive Science
Email: 
ltrick@uoguelph.ca
Phone: 
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53518
Office/Building: 
New MacKinnon Building
Room: 
4003

Accepting Graduate Students: 
Yes
Accepting New Experiential Learning Students: 
Yes

My research centres on the study of attention and working memory and how attention and memory operations change as individuals progress from childhood to old age. I do basic research on attention but I also do applied research on driving and collision risk using a driving simulator. My lab is multi-disciplinary, with students from Psychology, Neuroscience, Engineering, and Computer Science.

DRIVE lab (University of Guelph Driving Simulator lab)
1311 Thornborough Building
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53474

Visual Attention Lab: Blackwood Hall  Room 210
(519) 824-4120 ext. 53474

 

Education

Post-Doc Fellowship: Killam Post-doctoral Fellowship

Academic Institution:  University of British Columbia

Year: 1990

 

PhD Psychology

Academic Institution: University of Western Ontario

Year: 1989

 

Masters Psychology

Academic Institution: University of Western Ontario

Year: 1983

 

Research

Basic Research: My basic research centers around item individuation, unit formation and grouping. Specific topics include:

  • temporal and spatial enumeration, including numerical capacity in the blind field in individuals with cortical blindness (blindsight) 
  • multiple object tracking 
  • reading and counting disorders in children and adults;
  • visual and attentional factors that affect performance in day to day tasks;
  • factors in reasoning about uncertain situations (the Gambler's fallacy).

Applied Research: I have a driving simulator and I study how driving performance varies as a function of individual differences and situational factors. The simulator involves an full car body surrounded by viewing screens that immerse drivers in a wrap-around virtual reality. This allows drivers to experience all the sights, sounds, and feelings of driving without experiencing the risk. I have used the simulator to test this to test drivers of a variety of ages and those at risk due to factors such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. With the collaboration of researchers from Computing and Information Science and Engineering and Human Biology and Nutrition, I am using this simulator in order to investigate the following issues:

  • age and experience related changes in crash risk;
  • the impact of distraction on driving, including the effects of social distraction and the effect of new technologies (cell phones, in-vehicle navigation systems, collision avoidance systems, multimedia devices, etc.);
  • evaluation of road and highway design and signage as it affect driving performance (e.g. roundabouts);
  • simulator adaptation syndrome;
  • galvanic vestibular stimulation and galvanic cutaneous stimulation as it relates to sensory-motor integration in simulators;
  • change blindness;
  • useful field of view;
  • the attentional blink;
  • the impact of emotions on hazard detection and driving performance

Selected Publications

This is a selection of some of my publications.  A more complete list can be found on my lab website.  Student collaborators are listed  in BOLD.

Selected Journal Articles

  • Terry, M.E., & Trick, L.M. (in press). Multiple-object tracking and visually guided touch. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics.
  • Walker, H.E.K., Eng, R.,A. & Trick, L.M. (in press). Dual-task decrements in driving performance: The impact of task type, working memory, and the frequency of task performance. Transportation Research Part F.
  • Dodwell, A., & Trick, L.M. (2020). The effects of secondary tasks that involve listening and speaking on young adult drivers with traits associated with autism spectrum disorders: A pilot study with driving simulation. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 69, 120-134. htps://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2019.12.011.
  • Trick, L.M., & Hardy, N.L.A. (2020). Deos the standard search task predict performance in related tasks for Kanisza-style contours? Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 82 (2), 478-499. DOI: 10.3758/s13414-019-01890-6
  • Beninger, J., Hamilton-Wright, A., Walker, H.E.K., & Trick, L.M. (2020). Machine learning techniques to identify mind-wandering and predict hazard response time in fully immersive driving simulator. Soft Computing, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-020-05217-8.
  • Infante, E., & Trick, L.M. (2019). Why doesn't emotional valence affect subitising and counting in simple enumeration? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 73(3), 413-424. doi:10.1177/1747021819897246
  • Hardy, N.L.A., Terrry, M., & Trick, L.M. (2019). Visual search does not always predict performance in tasks that require finding targets among distractors: The case of line-ending illusory contours. Acta Psychologica, 198, 210-218. htps://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.102870.
  • Walker, H.E.K, & Trick, L.M. (2019). How the emotional content of road-side images affects driving performance, Safety Science, 115, 121-130.
  • Walker, H.E.K, & Trick, L.M. (2018). Mind-wandering while driving: The impact of fatigue, task length and sustained attention abilities. Transportation Research Part F, 59, 81-97.
  • Nowosielski, R.J., & Trick, L.M. (2018). Good distractions: Testing the effects of listening to an audiobook on driving performance in simple and complex road environments. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 111, 202 - 209.
  • Lochner, M. J., & Trick, L.M. (2014). Multiple-object tracking while driving: The multiple-vehicle tracing task. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76, 2326-2345.
  • Brodeur, D.A., Trick, L.M., Flores, H., Marr, C., & Burack, J.A. (2013). Multiple-object tracking among individuals with Down syndrome and typically developing children. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 545-553.
  • Trick, L.M., Brandigampola, S., & Enns, J.T. (2012). How fleeting emotions affect hazard perception and steering while driving: The impact of image arousal and valence. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 222-229.
  • Trick, L.M., Mutreja, R., & Hunt, K. (2012). Spatial and visuo-spatial working memory tests predict performance in classic multiple-object tracking in young adults but non-spatial measures of the executive do not. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 74, 300-311
  • Mueller, A., & Trick, L.M. (2012). Driving in fog: The effects of driving experience and visibility on speed compensation and hazard avoidance. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 48, 472-479.
  • Trick, L.M., Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2010). The effects of visibility conditions, traffic density, and navigational challenge on speed compensation and driving performance in drivers of difference ages. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42(6), 1661-1671.
  • Roney, C.J.R., & Trick, L.M. (2009). Sympathetic magic and perceptions of randomness: The hot hand versus the gambler’s fallacy. Thinking and Reasoning, 15(2), 197-210.
  • Trick, L.M. (2008). More than superstition: Differential effects of featural heterogeneity and change on subitizing and counting. Perception and Psychophysics, 70(5), 743-760.
  • Reed-Jones, R.J., Vallis, L.A., Reed-Jones, J.G., Trick, L.M. (2008). The relationship between postural stability and virtual environment adaptation. Neuroscience Letters, 435(3), 204-209.
  • Reed-Jones, J.G., Trick, L.M., & Matthews, M. (2008). Testing assumptions implicit in the use of the 15-second rule as an early predictor of whether an in-vehicle device produces unacceptable distraction. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(2), 628-634.

Selected Refereed Conference Proceedings

  • Cortens, B., Nonnecke, B., & Trick, L.M. (2019). Effect of alert presentation mode and hazard direction on driver takeover from an autonomous vehicle. Proceedings from the 10th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 133-139. June 24-27, Santa Fe, NM.
  • Walker, H.E.K., & Trick, L.M. (2019). Mind-wandering and driving: Comparing thought report and individual difference measures. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 8-14. June 24-27, Sante Fe, NM.
  • Nowosielski, R., & Trick, L.M. (2017). How common in-car distractions affect driving performance in simple and complex driving environments. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 249-255. June 26-29, Manchester Village, VT.
  • Rodd, H., & Trick, L.M. (2017). Predictors of mind-wandering while driving. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 326-332. June 26-29, Manchester Village, VT.
  • Cortens, B., & Trick, L.M. (2015). The impact of key size on touchscreen performance when driving. Proceedings for the 94th annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board, 15-3332. Washington DC.
  • Ramkhalawansingh, R., & Trick, L.M. (2015). Too close for comfort: Evaluating a reward-based approach to increase drivers' headway. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 226-232. June 22-25, Salt Lake City, UT
  • Lochner, M.J., & Trick, L.M. (2015). The effects of task load and vehicle heterogeneity on performance in the multiple-vehicle tracking task.  Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 91-97. June 22-25, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (2013). How missing a treatment of Mixed Amphetamine Salts Extended Release affects performance in teen drivers with ADHD. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 99-105. June 17-20.Bolton Landing, NY.
  • Mueller, A. , & Trick, L.M. (2013). Effect of driving experience on change detection based on target relevance and size. Proceedings for the 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. 341-347, June 17-20, Bolton Landing NY, Winner of the Honda Outstanding Student Paper Award.
  • Toxopeus, R., Ramkhalawansingh, R. , & Trick, L.M. (2013). The influence of passengers on driving in young drivers with varying levels of experience. Proceedings forthe 7th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. 481-487. June 17-20, 2013. Bolton, NY.
  • Toxopeus, R., Ramkhalawansingh , R. , & Trick, L.M. (2011) The influence of passenger-driver interaction on young drivers. Proceedings for 6th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, 66-72,June 27-30, 66-72.  Lake Tahoe, CA.
  • Lochner, M. , & Trick, L.M. (2011). Attentional tracking of multiple vehicles in a highway driving scenario. Proceedings for 6th International Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. 144-150. June 27-30, Lake Tahoe, CA.
  • Reed-Jones, J.G., Reed-Jones, R.J. , Trick, L.M., & Vallis, L.A. (2009). Comparing techniques to reduce simulator adaptation syndrome and improve naturalistic behaviour during simulated driving. Proceedings for the 5th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 276-283. June,  22-25, Big Sky, MO:
  • Trick, L.M. Lochner, M., Toxopeus, R., & Wilson, D. (2009). Manipulating driver characteristics to study the effects of mental load on older and younger drivers. Proceedings for the 5th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 363-369. June,  22-25, Big Sky, MO
  • Reed-Jones, J.G, Trick, L.M. & Matthews, M. (2007). Acceptable distraction? Evaluating the effects of in-vehicle technologies on driving. Proceedings for the 86th Annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, DC.
  • Reed-Jones, J.G, Reed-Jones, R.J. & Trick, L.M. (2007). Can galvanic vestibular stimulation reduce simulator adaptation syndrome? Proceedings for the 4th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 534-540. July 9-12, Stevenson, WA. Winner of the Honda Outstanding Student Paper Award.

Edited Books

  • Fisher, D.L., Caird, J.K,, Horrey, W.J., & Trick, L.M. (2016). Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions. CRC Press,  Taylor Francis Group.
  • Dedrick, D., & Trick, L.M. (2009) Computation, Cognition, and Pylyshyn. Don Dedrick and Lana Trick (Eds). Cambridge, Mass: MIT press. 

Selected Book Chapters

  • Tannock, R., & Trick, L.M. (2016). Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD). In Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions (pp. 211-228). CRC Press. Taylor Francis Group.
  • Fisher, D.L, Lenne, M.G., & Trick, L.M. (2016). Driving simulators: Models, methods, and measurement - the teen driver. In Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions (pp. 395-408).CRC Press. Taylor Francis Group.
  • Fisher, D.L., Caird, J.K., Horrey, W.J., & Trick, L.M. (2016). Introduction to the Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers, (pp. 3-10). CRC Press. Taylor Francis Group.
  • Fisher, D.L., Caird, J.K., Horrey, W.J., & Trick, L.M. (2016). The Handbook of teen and Novice Drivers: Afterward (pp. 359-466). CRC Press. Taylor Francis Group.
  • Trick, L.M & Caird, J.K. (2011). Methodological challenges in conducting research on older drivers. In D. Fisher, M. Rizzo, J. Caird, and J. Lee (Editors). In Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology (pp. 355-366). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Trick, L., Hollinsworth, H., & Brodeur, D. (2009). Multiple-object tracking across the lifespan: Do different factors contribute to diminished performance in different age groups? In Don Dedrick and Lana Trick (Eds). Computation, Cognition, and Pylyshyn. (pp. 79-99). MIT press.
  • Trick, L. M., & Enns, J.T. (2009). A two-dimensional framework for understanding the role of attentional selection in driving. In Candida Castro (Ed.) Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving. (pp. 63- 73). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
  • Enns, J.T., & Trick, L.M. (2006). A framework for studying age-related change and individual variation in selective attention. In Ellen Bialystok and Fergus Craik (Eds.) Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of change. (pp. 43-56) Oxford University Press.
  • Enns, J.T., Brodeur, D.A., & Trick, L.M. (1998). Selective attention over the lifespan: Behavioral measures. In J. Richards (ed.) Cognitive neuroscience of attention: A developmental perspective. (pp. 393-418). Manwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Brodeur, D.A., Trick, L.M., & Enns, J.T. (1997). Selective attention. In J. Burack and J. Enns (eds.). Attention, development, and psychopathology. (pp. 74-94.). NY, USA: Guildford Press.
  • Trick, L.M. (1992). A theory of enumeration that grows out of a general theory of vision: Subitizing, counting, and FINSTs. In Jamie Campbell (ed.) Nature and Origin of Mathematical Skills,  (pp. 257-299). Elsevier Press.

Technical Reports

  • Trick, L.M., Toxopeus, R., Rodd, H., & Nowosielski, R. (2016). Using technology for road safety: Distraction monitoring and real-time transition from driving assistance to automation function.  This was a 105 page technical report submitted to the Ministry of Transportation. 
  • Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (2013). Pedestrian Crosswalk Study: Laboratory Report on Part I (driving simulation data) and Part II (eye tracking data) This was a 120 page technical report for the Ottawa Traffic Council.
  • Smiley, A., Smahel, T., Trick, L.M., & Toxopeus, R. (2010). Highway 406 Roundabout positive guidance analysis. (Research contract for Delphi MRC produced for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation). Toxopeus and Trick ran the study, did the data analysis and helped write this 74 page technical support.

I normally teach Statistics, Sensation and Perception, Human Cognition and Memory, Research Methods, and Applied Cognitive Science. In addition, I supervise students with some background in cognition or sensation and perception for honours thesis or full year reserch projects (PSYC *4870/4880 , NEUR *4401/4402), practicum (e.g. PSYC (*6471, *6472) and independent resarch  projects (e.g., PSYC *3240 or *4240).   I am on sabbatical in Winter 2021 but in Fall 2021 and Winter 2022 I will be teaching the following courses.

PSYC *1010: Making Sense of Data in Psychology.
PSYC *2390: Sensation and Perception