Eyewash Stations and Safety Showers Policy

Effective:  September 2000
Reviewed:  June 2017
Revised:  June 2017
Signature/Position: Vice-President, Finance, Administration and Risk

Applicable Legislation

Ontario Regulation 851, Industrial Establishments made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act of Ontario.

Relevant Standards: American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard: Z358.1 – 2014 Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment

Intent

To outline requirements for the installation, maintenance and use of emergency eyewashes and safety showers.

Applicability

This Policy applies to all University of Guelph faculty, staff, students, service contractors and visitors who may be exposed to a potential hazard of injury to the eye or skin due to contact with a biological, chemical and other hazardous substance.

Policy Statements

  1. Where a faculty, staff, student, service contractor or visitor is exposed to a potential hazard of injury to the eye due to contact with a biological, chemical or hazardous substance, appropriate eyewash shall be provided. 
  2. Where a faculty, staff, student, service contractor or visitor is exposed to a potential hazard of injury to the skin due to contact with a biological, chemical or other hazardous substance, a quick-acting deluge shower shall be provided.
  3. Supervisors shall be responsible for determining the need for eyewash and deluge shower equipment within their specific area.
  4. All employees and students who might be exposed to a potential hazard of injury to the eye or skin due to contact with a biological, chemical or hazardous substance shall be instructed by their supervisors in the proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and emergency shower and eyewash equipment.
  5. Only plumbed eyewashes shall be provided. Personal eyewash equipment shall only be used in temporary situations and/or where there is no access to plumbing (e.g. on field trips), unless otherwise determined by the Environmental Health & Safety unit (EHS).
  6. Safety showers, plumbed eyewashes and personal eyewash units must be appropriately maintained.
  7. Emergency eyewash and shower equipment, its installation and preventive maintenance inspections shall conform to the American National Standard Institute (ANSI) Z358.1-2014 Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment, and all amendments.
Glossary:
Safety (deluge) Shower a unit that enables a user to have water cascading over the entire body; appropriate for workplaces where there is a risk of full body exposure; must deliver not less that 76 litres of tepid water per minute
Eyewash a device to irrigate and flush the eyes; must deliver not less than 11 litres of flushing fluid per minute for 15 minutes; appropriate where the risk is limited to the face and eyes
Flushing Fluid potable water or other medically acceptable fluid such as preserved buffered saline solution
Personal Eyewash a supplementary eyewash that supports plumbed units by delivering immediate flushing fluid (e.g. eyewash bottles and portable eyewash stations); does not provide a 15 minute supply of flusing fluid
Plumbed Eyewash an eyewash unit permanently connected to a source of flushing fluid
Potable Water water that is suitable for drinking
Tepid moderately warm; lukewarm; a comfortable temperature range is 26 C to 35 C; the tepid temperature must be maintained for the duration of an emergency shower by an in-line temperature control valve that should prevent scalding